Table 2

In-hospital information and outcomes of the study participants

ParametersTotalBT <36.0°CBT=36.0°C–36.9°CBT ≥37.0°C
N=9012N=1323N=4860N=2829
Respiratory rate, n (%)
 Bradypnoea678 (7.5)166 (12.5)325 (6.7)187 (6.6)
 Normal range4422 (49.1)586 (44.3)2419 (49.8)1417 (50.1)
 Tachypnoea2978 (33.0)473 (35.8)1609 (33.1)896 (31.7)
 Unknown934 (10.4)98 (7.4)507 (10.4)329 (11.6)
Heart rate, n (%)
 Bradycardia197 (2.2)103 (7.8)71 (1.5)23 (0.8)
 Normal range6468 (71.8)846 (63.9)3652 (75.1)1970 (69.6)
 Tachycardia2173 (24.1)349 (26.4)1051 (21.6)773 (27.3)
 Unknown174 (1.9)25 (1.9)86 (1.8)63 (2.2)
Consciousness, n (%)
 Minor (GCS 15–13)6721 (74.6)764 (57.7)3679 (75.7)2278 (80.5)
 Moderate (12–9)898 (10.0)207 (15.6)483 (9.9)208 (7.4)
 Severe (≤8)897 (10.0)302 (22.8)414 (8.5)181 (6.4)
 Unknown496 (5.5)50 (3.8)284 (5.8)162 (5.7)
BT (°C), median (IQR)36.7 (36.2–37.0)35.6 (35.2–35.8)36.5 (36.3–36.7)37.2 (37.1–37.5)
Measuring methods of BT
 Axillary, n (%)6749 (74.9)837 (63.3)3706 (76.3)2206 (78)
 Ear892 (9.9)267 (20.2)419 (8.6)206 (7.3)
 Rectal21 (0.2)7 (0.5)6 (0.1)8 (0.3)
 Other212 (2.4)33 (2.5)117 (2.4)62 (2.2)
 Unknown1138 (12.6)179 (13.5)612 (12.6)347 (12.3)
Time of transport (min), median (IQR)36 (28.0–47.0)35 (27.0–46.0)35 (28.0–46.0)37 (29.0–49.0)
Severe head injury (hAIS ≥3), n (%)
 No5834 (64.7)674 (50.9)3110 (64)2050 (72.5)
 Yes3178 (35.3)649 (49.1)1750 (36)779 (27.5)
Severe chest injury (cAIS ≥3), n (%)
 No7528 (83.5)1028 (77.7)4119 (84.8)2381 (84.2)
 Yes1484 (16.5)295 (22.3)741 (15.2)448 (15.8)
Severe abdominal injury (aAIS ≥3), n (%)
 No8560 (95)1237 (93.5)4632 (95.3)2691 (95.1)
 Yes452 (5.0)86 (6.5)228 (4.7)138 (4.9)
ISS, median (IQR)9 (5.0–17.0)14 (9.0–25.0)9 (5.0–16.0)9 (5.0–16.0)
Multiple trauma (ISS ≥16), n (%)
 No6068 (67.3)694 (52.5)3311 (68.1)2063 (72.9)
 Yes2944 (32.7)629 (47.5)1549 (31.9)766 (27.1)
Outcome
 In-hospital mortality226 (2.5%)129 (9.8%)69 (1.4%)28 (1.0%)
  • AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; BT, body temperature; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; ISS, Injury Severity Score.