Table 2

Outcomes of cases during 2018 respiratory viral outbreak in Southern Province, Sri Lanka, delineated by type of virus detected

Viral detection resultNumber with test resultOutcome
Repeat admission*ICUO2MVDeathAny severe outcome†
Influenza A263 (11.5)3 (11.5)5 (19.2)3 (11.5)2 (7.7)6 (23.1)
AdV487 (14.6)5 (10.4)14 (29.2)3 (6.2)2 (4.2)19 (39.6)
RSV302 (6.7)2 (6.7)14 (46.7)1 (3.3)1 (3.3)15 (50.0)
Influenza A+AdV121 (8.3)1 (8.3)2 (16.7)1 (8.3)1 (8.3)3 (25.0)
Influenza A+RSV31 (33.3)00001 (33.3)
AdV+RSV142 (14.3)2 (14.3)5 (35.7)006 (42.8)
Other coInfection21 (50.0)00001 (50.0)
Negative312 (6.4)6 (19.4)9 (29.0)4 (12.9)2 (6.4)9 (29.0)
Total16619 (11.4)19 (11.4)49 (29.5)12 (7.2)8 (4.8)60 (36.1)
  • Only cases and outcomes of paediatric patients collected during active surveillance are documented. Frequency and percentage of cases with the indicated viral test result are documented.

  • *Repeat admission=any prior hospitalisation(s) for the same illness.

  • †Any severe outcome=repeat admission, ICU, O2, MV or death.

  • AdV, adenovirus; ICU, intensive care unit admission; MV, requiring mechanical ventilation (which in some cases was provided outside ICUs due to space constraints); O2, requiring any form of supplemental oxygen; RSV, respiratory syncytial virus.