Table 2

Impact of AR on schoolwork and sleep quality in the past 4 weeks and absenteeism in the past 12 months

Cases (AR) versus
Controls (No AR)
Cases (AR) treated versus
not treated
Cases (AR)Cases (AR)
Good versus poor symptom controlMild versus moderate-severe
CasesControlsTreatedNot treatedPoor controlGood controlMildModerate-severe
N79731473067408389184613
Proportion of children who had difficulty performing schoolwork and other activities445 (56%)*53 (17%)420 (58%)*22 (33%)297 (71%)*152 (39%)37 (20%)405 (66%)*
Proportion of children who accomplished less than they would usually have done at school or in other activities419 (53%)*44 (14%)396 (54%)*25 (37%)286 (70%)*136 (35%)38 (21%)383 (62%)*
Proportion of children who took less care than usual when performing schoolwork and other activities388 (47%)*35 (11%)368 (50%)*23 (34%)269 (66%)*121 (31%)31 (17%)360 (59%)*
Sleep quality: Proportion of children who:
 Woke up tired367 (46%)*72 (23%)350 (48%)*21 (31%)212 (52%)*156 (40%)44 (24%)325 (53%)*
 Had restless sleep247 (31%)*28 (9%)226 (31%)19 (28%)159 (39%)*89 (23%)18 (10%)233 (38%)*
 Had difficulty falling asleep247 (31%)*57 (18%)234 (32%)14 (21%)135 (33%)113 (29%)39 (21%)208 (34%)*
 Slept badly151 (19%)*19 (6%)146 (20%)5 (7%)98 (24%)*55 (14%)8 (4%)141 (23%)*
 Proportion of children who were absent from school at least once per month because they were unwell255 (32%)*35 (11%)234 (32%)17 (25%)180 (44%)*78 (20%)18 (10%)239 (39%)*
  • *Between-group difference was statistically significant at 95% CI.

  • AR, allergic rhinitis.