Table 4

Proportion of patients in ‘higher’ (compared with ‘lower’ two tertiles) health literacy tertile in CKD and ESKD groups

Domain and descriptionCKD populationDialysis populationP value*
n%n%
HLQ1
Feel understood and supported by healthcare providers
2623.03129.50.274
HLQ2
Have sufficient information to manage my health
3026.63836.50.113
HLQ3
Actively managing health
2824.83533.30.164
HLQ4
Have social support for health
2219.53937.10.004
HLQ5
Appraise health information
1715.02422.90.140
HLQ6
Able to engage with healthcare providers
3329.23937.10.213
HLQ7
Navigating healthcare system
3228.33028.90.932
HLQ8
Ability to find good health information
3329.22927.90.830
HLQ9
Understand health information well enough to know what to do
3631.93432.70.896
  • p values with a significance level <0.05 are shown in bold format.

  • *P value for difference estimated by Wilcoxon rank-sum test for continuous variables and by χ2 test for proportions.

  • CKD, chronic kidney disease; ESKD, end-stage kidney disease; HLQ, Health Literacy Questionnaire.