Table 1

Characteristics of infants <37 weeks gestational age and/or <2500 g at birth born at the Kenyatta National Hospital in March to April 2019

CharacteristicTotal (n=294)
Sex: no (%) of females135 (54)
Mode of delivery—n (%)
 Vaginal123 (42)
 Elective caesarean section3 (1)
 Emergency caesarean section168 (57)
Delayed cord clamping (n=14; 280 unknown)0 (0)
Birth weight (g) mean (SD)1977 (603)
Head circumference (cm) (n=19) Mean (SD)32.6 (2)
Length (cm) (n= 4) mean (SD)36.0 (5)
Estimated gestational age at birth—n (%)
 <28 weeks26 (9)
 28–32+6 weeks70 (24)
 33–36+6 weeks123 (42)
 >37 weeks73 (25)
 Unknown2 (<1)
Gestational age estimation based upon—n (%)
First trimester ultrasound14 (5)
Clinical assessment30 (10)
Last menstrual period and/or clinical assessment (mother)242 (82)
Dubowitz and New Ballard score6 (2)
Unknown2 (<1)
No (%) of babies who required resuscitation at birth (n=287)110 (37)
Type of resuscitation—not mutually exclusive (n=110)
 Stimulation only12 (11)
 Ventilation91 (83)
 Continued ventilation36 (33)
 Advanced resuscitation4 (4)
No (%) of babies who received maternal breast feeding within one hour of birth (n=260)39 (13)
No of babies who had initiation of Kangaroo Mother care soon after birth (stable babies only) (n=180)0 (0)
No (%) of babies who had temperature within one hour of birth*10 (3)
No (%) of babies who had heart rate at birth*58 (20)
No (%) of babies who had respiratory rate at birth*70 (24)
  • *Recorded in clinical records.