Table 3

Predictors of utilisation of any antenatal social service (excluding midwives): univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses

OR95% CIP valueOR95% CIP value
Age (years)0.920.90 to 0.94<0.0010.940.92 to 0.97<0.001
Primiparous (vs multiparous)2.131.75 to 2.60<0.0011.611.28 to 2.03<0.001
Marital status*
 Married, living together with husbandRefRef
 Unmarried, living together with partner6.425.15 to 8.00<0.0015.484.36 to 6.90<0.001
 Unmarried and without partner, divorced or widowed9.755.68 to 16.73<0.00110.786.15 to 18.87<0.001
Educational level†
 Low (<10 years of schooling)1.761.30 to 2.39<0.0011.280.90 to 1.820.165
 Medium (10 years of schooling)RefRef
 High (university entrance level)1.120.91 to 1.390.2741.441.13 to 1.840.003
Employed before giving birth0.770.59 to 1.010.0590.760.55 to 1.050.095
Born in Germany0.920.71 to 1.180.512
Statutory health insurance (vs private or other health insurance)1.831.35 to 2.48<0.0010.640.46 to 0.900.009
Health literacy1.000.99 to 1.010.946
  • Multivariable analysis: n=2400; Nagelkerke’s R2: 0.22.

  • Health literacy refers to healthcare scale of the HLS-EU questionnaire.

  • *Univariable analysis: omnibus test: Χ2=319.05 (df=2), p<0.001.

  • †Univariable analysis: omnibus test: Χ2=13.07 (df=2), p=0.001.

  • HLS-EU, European Health Literacy Survey; Ref, reference category.