Table 2

Association between use of surgical services and individual, household and supply-side characteristics (multivariate logit with cluster adjusted standard errors)

Caesarean sectionHysterectomySterilisation
Coef.t-statisticSig.Coef.t-statisticSig.Coef.t-statisticSig.
 Wealth group (base=poorest)
 Poorer 0.4833.840*0.4952.4800.0130.190
 Middle 1.0938.390*0.7393.610*0.1051.380
 Richer 1.62911.660*1.1625.480*0.1842.010
 Richest 2.07213.340*1.3305.480*0.4593.740*
 Education (base=no education)
 Completed primary 0.5523.660*0.3011.900−0.012−0.170
 Completed secondary 0.8346.370*−0.080−0.590−0.382−5.460*
 Completed higher 1.2307.950*−0.253−0.980−0.931−7.100*
 Parity (base=one delivery)
 Two−0.641−9.060*0.1360.7802.43218.630*
 Three−1.291−12.190*0.1620.8802.91421.090*
 Four or more−1.882−13.170*−0.145−0.7802.82319.450*
 Marital status (base=never married)
 Married−0.763−1.3801.0742.4001.0781.350
 Widowed−0.875−1.3600.5791.1800.4240.530
 Divorced−0.694−1.0501.2332.1400.4730.560
 Living together/separated−0.999−1.5300.1080.1700.6190.730
 Religion (base=hindu)
 Muslim−0.660−5.840*−0.723−3.230*−1.649−14.340*
 Christian−0.281−2.510−0.014−0.070−0.298−2.850*
 Sikh 3.7053.090*0.2730.200
 Buddhist/neo-buddhist−0.671−3.850*0.3470.850−0.225−1.350
 Jain−1.851−1.3203.2642.670*1.3362.190
 No religion 0.4360.740−0.086−0.110−1.007−2.540
 Other−0.111−0.8600.2301.020−1.077−9.420*
 Caste/tribe (base=none)
 Caste−0.151−1.360−0.100−0.5300.1651.620
 Tribe−0.562−4.100*−0.259−0.970−0.148−1.150
 Age group (base=15–19)
 20–25 0.5893.460*−2.426−3.740*0.8691.190
 25–30 0.9135.260*−1.229−4.290*1.2891.800
 30–35 1.3117.190*0.1030.5101.6712.320
 35–40 1.5898.340*0.8215.430*1.8102.500
 40–45 1.6136.630*0.5294.360*1.7152.380
 45–50 1.3712.5501.6072.220
 Type of insurance (base=no insurance)
 State0.0720.5800.0170.1200.2262.550
 RSBY−0.254−2.1700.0920.4700.2663.550*
 Other insurance0.2521.1000.0080.0200.4342.800*
 Supply-side variables
 Doctors/1000 population 0.0221.670−0.043−1.6700.0313.090*
 Other medical/1000 population−0.021−2.930*0.0110.990−0.044−7.050*
 Time to main surgical facility−0.001−3.550*−0.001−2.340−0.000−0.710
 Beds/1000 population 0.0173.690*0.0050.7200.0256.620*
 Constant−2.494−4.120*−6.695−6.320*
  • *Significant at the 1% level.

  • †Significant at the 5% level.

  • ‡Significant at the 10% level.

  • RSBY, Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana.