Table 1

Characteristics of 16 included studies

AuthorsLocationResearch sitesSample size (qualified rate %)TI assessment toolPrevalence of TI, N (%)
Xu et al44AnhuiCity community1109 (92.96)Dichotomous question224 persons (20.2)
Gu et al39ShanghaiCity community127 (86.99)Dichotomous question69 persons (56.69)
Yao et al40GuangdongCity community335 (95.7)Dichotomous question178 persons (52.0)
Lu et al42ShandongRural area (village)1037 (98.57)The self-made 10-item 5-point Likert Turnover Intention Scale498 persons (48.02)
(score of >32 out of 50 means turnover intention)
Wei et al43GuangdongCity community and rural area1252 (87.43)Frah Turnover Intention Scale227 persons (18. 13)
(score of >3 out of 5)
Xu et al48GuizhouRural area (township)704 (96.6)Dichotomous question247 persons (35.10)
Liu et al18Not statedCity community and rural area16 157 (100.00)Dichotomous question1858 persons (11.50)
Zhang49ShaanxiRural area (township)425 (99.53)Dichotomous question34 persons (8.00)
Liu et al41ShanghaiCity community and rural area3295 (86.70)Dichotomous question520 persons (15.80)
Shen et al468 central provinces*Rural area (village)1669 (100.00)Dichotomous question568 persons (34.03)
Qiong et al45WuhanCity community and rural area755 (83.90)Michael & Spector Turnover Intention Scale278 persons (36.86)
(score of >3 out of 5)
Zhang et al51Shandong, Anhui, ShanxiRural area (township)167 (100.00)Dichotomous question49 persons (29. 34)
Ruan 47YunnanRural area (township and county)493 (94.80)Dichotomous question101 persons (29. 34)
Fang et al19HubeiRural area (village)1889 (97.88)Dichotomous question695 persons (36.8)
Sun et al505 provinces*City community3212 (99.32)Dichotomous question1243 persons (38.7)
Liu et al1811 western provinces*Rural area (township and county)5046 (90.40)Dichotomous question1468 persons (29.1)
  • *Eight provinces: Shanxi, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei and Hunan; 5 provinces: Zhejiang, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hebei and Hubei; 11 provinces: Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Tibet, Xinjiang and Yunnan.

  • TI, turnover intention.