Table 2

Characteristics of the respondents included in the analysis

PatientsPartnersProfessionalsPayersPolicymakers
Austrian=169n=184n=144n=99 (combined)
Age mean (SD)51.0 (15.0)42.9 (14.7)44.7 (8.8)45.8 (10.7)
Gender (n,% female)78 (46.2)103 (56.0)110 (77.5)53 (53.5)
Educational level (n,%)*
 Low15 (8.9)10 (5.4)0 (0)0 (0)
 Medium126 (74.5)125 (67.9)40 (28.1)15 (15.2)
 High28 (16.6)49 (26.6)102 (71.8)81 (84.9)
General health (n,%)
 Poor or fair87 (51.5)30 (16.3)4 (2.8)2 (2)
 Good67 (39.6)70 (38.0)33 (23.2)23 (23.2)
 Very good or excellent15 (8.9)70 (45.7)102 (71.8)24 (74.7)
 Number of health problems (mean, SD)3.4 (2.2)2.0 (2.0)0.7 (1.1)0.6 (1.0)
Croatian=168n=169n=103n=73 (combined)
Age43.1 (13.7)42.6 (10.8)44.4 (11.5)45.3 (10.3)
Gender (n,% female)104 (61.9)96 (56.8)79 (76.7)62 (84.9)
Educational level (n,%)*
 Low87 (51.8)91 (53.9)7 (6.8)5 (6.8)
 Medium39 (23.2)33 (19.5)38 (36.9)26 (35.6)
 High42 (25.0)45 (26.7)58 (56.4)42 (57.5)
General health (n,%)
 Poor or fair74 (44.1)25 (14.8)9 (8.8)8 (10.9)
 Good44 (26.2)27 (16.0)26 (25.2)21 (28.8)
 Very good or excellent50 (29.8)117 (69.3)68 (66.0)44 (60.2)
 Number of health problems (mean, SD)3.2 (2.3)1.6 (1.6)1.2 (1,3)1.25 (1.6)
Germanyn=160n=208n=170n=110 (combined)
Age52.7 (14.6)46.8 (14.5)42.4 (10.7)45.6 (11.0)
Gender (n,% female)77 (48.1)102 (49.0)123 (73.7)65 (59.1)
Educational level (n,%)*
 Low53 (33.2)76 (36.5)31 (18.6)2 (1.8)
 Medium85 (53.2)90 (43.2)68 (40.7)36 (32.7)
 High22 (13.9)42 (20.2)68 (40.7)72 (65.4)
General health (n,%)
 Poor or fair106 (66.3)49 (23.5)18 (10.8)8 (7.3)
 Good48 (30.0)98 (47.1)66 (39.5)36 (32.7)
 Very good or excellent6 (3.8)61 (29.4)83 (49.7)66 (60.0)
 Number of health problems (mean, SD)4.7 (2.5)2.6 (2.7)1.4 (1.7)0.87 (1.2)
Hungaryn=192n=166n=163n=153 (combined)
Age51.1 (14.1)43.9 (14.3)45.4 (10.9)46.7 (10.8)
Gender (n,% female)102 (53.1)80 (48.2)84 (51.5)101 (66.0)
Educational level (n,%)*
 Low65 (33.9)51 (30.7)1 (0.6)3 (2.0)
 Medium70 (36.5)80 (48.2)13 (8.0)21 (13.7)
 High57 (29.7)35 (21.1)149 (90.4)129 (84.3)
General health (n,%)
 Poor or fair120 (62.5)44 (26.5)23 (14.1)18 (11.8)
 Good61 (31.8)71 (42.8)46 (28.2)50 (32.7)
 Very good or excellent11 (5.7)51 (30.7)94 (57.7)85 (55.6)
 Number of health problems (mean, SD)4.0 (2.4)2.1 (2.1)1.1 (1.5)1.1 (1.4)
Netherlandsn=156n=158n=155n=104n=151
Age60.4 (11.8)52.2 (13.0)42.0 (12.5)42.8 (11.7)46.3 (12.1)
Gender (n,% female)77 (49.0)81 (51.3)86 (55.5)48 (46.2)95 (62.9)
Educational level (n,%)*
 Low14 (9.0)8 (5.1)1 (0.6)02 (1.3)
 Medium70 (45.0)76 (48.1)48 (31.0)1 (1.0)0
 High72 (46.2)74 (46.8)106 (68.3)103 (99.1)149 (89.7)
General health (n,%)
 Poor or fair86 (55.2)40 (25.3)11 (7.1)7 (6.7)14 (9.2)
 Good63 (40.4)77 (48.7)59 (38.1)38 (36.5)51 (33.8)
 Very good or excellent7 (4.5)42 (26.0)85 (54.9)59 (56.8)86 (57.0)
 Number of health problems (mean, SD)4.0 (1.9)2.2 (2.5)1.1 (1.5)0.7 (1.0)0.8 (1.2)
Norwayn=156n=156n=162n=122n=180
Age56.5 (14.7)53.7 (12.9)45.7 (10.7)51.3 (10.3)54.7 (13.2)
Gender (n,% female)70 (44.9)78 (50.00)124 (76.5)68 (55.7)97 (53.9)
Educational level (n,%)*
 Low11 (7.1)1 (0.6)2 (1.2)1 (0.8)0
 Medium52 (33.3)39 (25.0)4 (2.5)1 (0.8)35 (19.4)
 High93 (59.6)116 (74.4)156 (96.3)120 (98.4)145 (80.6)
 Poor or fair78 (50.0)38 (24.4)8 (4.9)5 (4.1)17 (9.4)
 Good47 (30.1)64 (41.0)33 (20.4)17 (13.9)50 (27.8)
 Very good or excellent31 (19.9)54 (34.6)121 (74.7)100 (82)113 (62.8)
 Number of health problems (mean, SD)3.6 (1.7)2.2 (1.7)1.1 (1.5)0.79 (1.1)1.5 (1.6)
Spainn=150n=151n=152
Age62.8 (9.8)55.3 (11.7)40.8 (10.7)
Gender (n,% female)65 (43.3)103 (68.2)40.76 (10.7)
Educational level (n,%)*
 Low68 (45.4)57 (37.8)0
 Medium39 (26)54 (35.7)30 (19.7)
 High43 (28.7)40 (26.4)122 (80.3)
General health (n,%)
 Poor or fair69 (46.0)45 (29.8)2 (1.3)
 Good63 (42.0)70 (46.4)30 (19.7)
 Very good or excellent18 (12.0)36 (23.8)120 (78.9)
 Number of health problems (mean, SD)3.9 (2.5)2.08 (1.7)0.9 (1.0)
UKn=163n=233n=161n=181 (combined)
Age56.4 (14.4)45 (13.8)47.7 (10.8)45.5 (11.0)
Gender (n,% female)94 (57.7)126 (54.1)51 (31.7)74 (40.9)
Educational level (n,%)*
 Low60 (36.8)60 (25.8)03 (1.7)
 Medium45 (27.6)57 (24.5)2 (1.2)13 (7.2)
 High58 (35.6)116 (49.7)159 (98.8)165 (91.1)
General health (n,%)
 Poor or fair129 (79.2)61 (26.2)5 (3.1)18 (10)
 Good28 (17.2)75 (32.2)15 (9.3)33 (18.2)
 Very good or excellent6 (3.7)97 (41.7)141 (87.6)130 (71.8)
 Number of health problems (mean, SD)4.6 (2.4)1.9 (2.1)0.7 (1.0)1.1 (1.6)
  • *low: no post-secondary education; high: Bachelor’s degree or higher.