Table 1

Definitions of the outcomes and levels

Outcome (attribute)DefinitionLevels
Physical functioningAcceptable physical functioning and being able to do daily activities without needing assistance (eg, getting dressed, sitting down and getting up from a chair, taking your medications)
  1. Severely limited in physical functioning and activities of daily living

  2. Moderately limited in physical functioning and activities of daily living

  3. Hardly or not at all limited in physical functioning and activities of daily living

Psychological well-beingThe absence of stress, worrying, listlessness, anxiety and feeling down
  1. Always or mostly stressed, worried, listless, anxious and down

  2. Regularly stressed, worried, listless, anxious and down

  3. Seldom or never stressed, worried, listless, anxious and down

Social relationships and participationHaving meaningful connections with others as desired
  1. No or barely any meaningful connections with others

  2. Some meaningful connections with others

  3. A lot of meaningful connections with others

Enjoyment of lifeHaving pleasure and happiness in life
  1. No or barely any pleasure and happiness in life

  2. Some pleasure and happiness in life

  3. A lot of pleasure and happiness in life

ResilienceThe ability to recover from or adjust to difficulties and to restore one’s balance
  1. Poor ability to recover, adjust and restore balance

  2. Fair ability to recover, adjust and restore balance

  3. Good ability to recover, adjust and restore balance

Person-centrednessCare that matches an individual’s needs, capabilities and preferences and where decisions are made jointly based on good information
  1. Not or barely person-centred

  2. Somewhat person-centred

  3. Highly person-centred

Continuity of careGood collaboration, smooth transitions between caregivers and no waste of time
  1. Poor collaboration, transitions and timeliness

  2. Fair collaboration, transitions and timeliness

  3. Good collaboration, transitions and timeliness

Total healthcare and social care costsTotal healthcare and social care costs per participant in the programme, per year. Note: These are costs paid for by the health insurer/government.
  1. 8500 € per participant per year*

  2. 7000 € per participant per year

  3. 5500 € per participant per year

  • *These are the Dutch values. The value for the other countries are: Austria: 8000, 6600, 5200 €; Croatia: 7200, 6000, 4800 kuna (973, 810, 648 €); Hungary: 600 000, 500 000, 400 000 forint (1951, 1626, 1300 €); Germany: 4800, 4000, 3200 €; Norway: 115 000, 95 000, 75 000 krone (12 330, 10 185, 8041 €); Spain: 5400, 4500, 3600 euro; UK: 3600, 3000, 2400 pounds (4130, 3441, 2753 €).

  • €, Euro.