Table 4

Cardiovascular risk factors, ISWT performance, physical activity, endothelial function and arterial stiffness before (pre) and after (post) 6 weeks of cardiac rehabilitation

NPrePostP value
Cardiovascular risk factors
 Weight (kg)5781.4±15.480.8±15.30.82
 Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)58129±20126±200.29
 Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)5870±1070±90.98
 Resting heart rate (beats/min)5864±963±100.41
ISWT performance
 Distance (m)59440±150633±217<0.001
 Speed (m/s)591.6±0.31.8±0.3<0.001
 Peak heart rate (beats/min)53102±13116±19<0.001
Daily physical activity
 Steps396390±29096577±37890.97
 Sedentary activity (%)3941±2541±250.52
 Light activity (%)3929±2128±180.92
 Moderate activity (%)394.5±3.24.9±4.20.75
 Vigorous activity (%)391.3±1.81.5±1.90.27
 Sedentary activity (min)39504±109485±950.93
 Light activity (min)39296±90290±960.64
 Moderate activity (min)3957±2261±340.09
 Vigorous activity (min)3918±1819±200.18
 MVPA (min)3975±3480±450.72
 MVPA bout number391.4±1.21.6±1.70.56
 Time MVPA bouts (min)3927±2431±320.29
 Time in sedentary bouts (min)39114±87104±740.21
Vascular assessments
 Brachial arterial diameter (mm)264.11±0.714.15±0.680.78
 Flow-mediated dilatation (%)257.1±4.84.9±4.90.60
 Shear stress area under the curve 60 s (a.u.)263052±15583164±18660.68
 Carotid intima-media thickness (mm)230.73±0.110.71±0.160.39
 Carotid artery compliance
 (mm∙mm Hg∙10-3)
239.0±3.98.5±3.40.32
  • ISWT, incremental shuttle walk test; MVPA, moderate to vigorous physical activity.