Table 5

Association between information sources and knowledge and preventive practices

Knowledge
Crude OR
(95% CI)
P valueAdjusted* OR
(95% CI)
P value
Information sources
 Social media3.78 (2.66 to 5.38)0.0002.97 (2.12 to 4.16)0.000
 Radio1.93 (1.40 to 2.66)0.0001.75 (1.26 to 2.43)0.001
 Church/mosque1.72 (1.21 to 2.44)0.0031.87 (1.30 to 2.70)0.001
 Community meetings1.41 (0.89 to 2.34)0.1441.53 (0.95 to 2.48)0.080
 Print media2.79 (1.42 to 5.47)0.0042.63 (1.34 to 5.17)0.006
 Traditional leaders1.98 (1.17 to 3.35)0.0122.04 (1.13 to 3.70)0.019
 MoHS3.09 (1.84 to 5.19)0.0003.13 (1.85 to 5.30)0.000
Hand washing
Information sources
 Social media1.03 (0.55 to 1.93)0.9350.79 (0.37 to 1.68)0.537
 Radio2.72 (1.46 to 5.05)0.0022.64 (1.40 to 4.95)0.003
 Church/mosque1.88 (0.87 to 4.07)0.1081.76 (0.83 to 3.71)0.135
 Community meetings2.73 (1.23 to 6.05)0.0152.03 (0.85 to 4.90)0.110
 Print media3.54 (0.80 to 15.68)0.0942.91 (0.62 to 13.60)0.171
 Traditional leaders1.66 (0.49 to 5.68)0.4111.58 (0.52 to 4.85)0.415
 MoHS2.26 (0.71 to 7.18)0.1641.96 (0.55 to 6.96)0.289
Avoiding crowds
Information sources
 Social media1.65 (1.04 to 2.60)0.0321.90 (1.20 to 3.01)0.007
 Radio1.64 (1.02 to 2.65)0.0421.59 (0.97 to 2.61)0.064
 Church/mosque1.69 (0.93 to 3.04)0.0821.62 (0.88 to 2.98)0.117
 Community meetings1.49 (0.82 to 2.70)0.1911.56 (0.84 to 2.91)0.156
 Print media3.29 (1.55 to 6.99)0.0023.52 (1.57 to 7.90)0.003
 Traditional leaders3.21 (0.91 to 11.30)0.0683.33 (0.87 to 12.71)0.077
 MoHS2.70 (1.27 to 5.76)0.0112.88 (1.28 to 6.47)0.011
  • *Adjusted for risk perception, region, sex, age, education and religion.

  • MoHS, Ministry of Health and Sanitation.