Table 1

BCT groupings (n=16)

Groupings in BCTTv1
1. Goals and planning*9. Comparison of outcomes
2. Feedback and monitoring*10. Reward and threat
3. Social support*11. Regulation*
4. Shaping knowledge*12. Antecedents*
5. Natural consequences*13. Identity
6. Comparison of behaviour*14. Scheduled consequences
7. Associations*15. Self-belief
8. Repetition and substitution*16. Covert learning
  • *BCT groupings represented in intervention or control group descriptions.

  • BCTTv1, behaviour change technique taxonomy v1.