Table 5

Regression models showing associations between non-modifiable explanatory variables and anxiety scores

B95% CI lower95% CI upperβP value
GAD-7 total score†
 Age (per decade)−0.26−0.29−0.23−0.31<0.0001****
 Live alone−0.04−0.160.08−0.010.51
 BAME background0.02−
 Key worker0.*
Risk group‡
 Most at risk0.420.200.630.07<0.001***
 Increased risk0.210.100.330.07<0.001***
Adjusted R2=0.11, n=3090
OR95% CI lower95% CI upperβP value
GAD-7 ‘cases’§
 Age (per decade)0.690.650.73−1.28<0.0001****
 Live alone1.000.771.300.000.98
 BAME background1.150.881.500.090.32
 Key worker1.140.971.350.150.12
Risk group‡
 Most at risk1.781.182.670.250.005**
 Increased risk1.301.031.640.220.03*
Pseudo R2=0.05, n=3090
  • *p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001, ****p<0.0001.

  • †A square-root transformation was applied to the dependent variable.

  • ‡Comparison reference group ‘I am in neither risk category’.

  • §A ‘case’ is defined as a GAD-7 Score greater than or equal to 10, at which level someone would qualify for high intensity psychological support in the National Health Service.

  • BAME, Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic; GAD-7, 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale.