Table 1

The characteristics of the included studies (n=26)

AuthorYearYear of data collectionSample sizePositivePrevalenceAverage
age of participant (years)
Research
design
Setting% of maleDivisionSamplingDiagnostic method and criteria for diabetesDiagnostic method and criteria for pre-diabetes% of hypertension% of over-weight/obese% of smoker% of family historyQuality
Sayeed et al111995Jul–Nov 19941005232.236.2UnclearRural44.8DhakaCluster samplingFBG ≥7.0 and/or 2hFBG ≥11.17.8 ≤ 2hBG >11.1NA23.8NANAGood
Saquib et al122013Unclear4021423549.4Cross-sectionalUrban49.7DhakaMultistage random samplingFBG ≥7.0 and/or HbA1C ≥6.5NANA31%47.3Medium
Sayeed et al241997Jan–Sep 199686153454.539.4UnclearSuburban64.8DhakaUnclearFBG ≥7.0 and/or 2hBG ≥11.17.8 ≤ 2hBG >11.1NA9.54NANAGood
Sayeed et al251997Unclear23711365.739.41UnclearBoth62.4MymensinghUnclearFBG ≥7.0 and/or 2hBG ≥11.17.8 ≤ 2hBG >11.1NANANANAMedium
Zaman et al262001Unclear515132.5Cross-sectionalRuralNAUnclearFBG ≥7.012.97.228.1NAMedium
Sayeed et al2720031999–200049232124.331.3UnclearRural47.1MymensinghUnclearFPG ≥7.06.1 ≤ FPG ≥6.9NANANANAGood
Sayeed et al282004Jun 20021119686.639.7UnclearUnclear41.9ChittagongCluster random samplingFPG ≥7.06.1 ≤ FPG ≥6.9NANANANAGood
Hussain et al2920052004–200515551268.133.5Cross-sectionalBoth61.8DhakaSimple random samplingFBG ≥6.1NA5.7NANAGood
Hussain et al302006199947571082.337.5Cross-sectionalRural42.8DhakaRandomlyFBG ≥6.15.6≤ FPG ≥6.0NA6.1NANAGood
Rahim et al312007200439812716.837.4Cross-sectionalRural31DhakaUnclearFBG ≥6.1 and/or 2hBG ≥11.15.6 ≤ FPG ≥6.0NA21.25NANAMedium
Rahman et al322007Jan–Mar 2005975928.538.9Cross-sectionalRural36.9DhakaUnclearFBG ≥6.1NA10.25NANAGood
Sayeed et al332007Unclear526559011.2Cross-sectionalUrbanNATwo-stage cluster samplingFBG ≥7.0 and/or 2hBG ≥11.15.6 ≤ FPG ≥6.0NANANANAMedium
Sayeed et al342008Unclear705659.139.36UnclearUrban34DhakaUnclearFBG ≥6.15.6 ≤ FPG ≥6.036.320.9NaNAMedium
Rahim et al352010Unclear33872798.236.8Cross-sectionalRural40.8DhakaSimple random samplingFBG ≥6.1 and/or 2hBG ≥11.15.6 ≤ FPG ≥6.0 and/or 7.8 ≤ 2hBG >11.1NA9.47NANAGood
Das et al362010Unclear1200544.5NACross-sectionalUnclearNADhakaUnclearUnclearNA17.3NANAMedium
Ahasan et al372011Dec 20081000999.940.58Cross-sectionalUnclear82.6UnclearSimple random samplingFBG ≥7.0 and/or 2hBG ≥11.17.8 ≤ 2hBG >11.1NA47.220.6NAMedium
Akhter et al382011Unclear836607.245.6Cross-sectionalRural45.3RangpurMultistage random samplingFBG ≥7.0 and/or 2hBG ≥11.1 and/or HbA1c ≥6.57.8 ≤ 2hBG >11.1NANANANAMedium
Akter et al392014201175417329.751.48Cross-sectionalBoth50.6NationalMultistage cluster samplingFBG ≥7.06.1 ≤ FPG ≥6.919.5513.06NANAGood
Islam et al402015Unclear30952227.251Cross-sectionalRural34.5KhulnaMultistage cluster samplingFBG ≥7.06.1 ≤ FPG ≥6.933.832428.35Good
Alam et al412016Mar and Oct 20091279829.241.5Cross-sectionalBothNADhaka, BarisalUnclearFBG ≥7.0 and/or 2hBG ≥11.15.6 ≤ FPG ≥6.9 and/or 7.8 ≤ 2hBG >11.1NA32.2NANAMedium
Sarker et al422016Unclear191024512.839.9Cross-sectionalBoth61.3NationalUnclearFBG ≥7.0 and/or 2hBG ≥11.16.1 ≤ FPG ≥6.9 and/or 7.8 ≤ 2hBG >11.1NA12.3NA7.3Good
Zaman et al432016Unclear26101445.541.3UnclearBoth55DhakaMultistage cluster samplingFBG ≥7.015.19.0NA27.4Medium
Asaduzzaman et al442018Jul 2014–Jun 20152862910.1NACross-sectionalUrban22.73DhakaUnclearFBG ≥7.0 and/or 2hBG ≥11.17.8 ≤ 2hBG >11.1NAUnclear40.4NAGood
Hira et al4520182012–2015400389.550.1Cross-sectionalRural45.50KhulnaSimple random samplingFBG ≥7.0 and/or 2hBG ≥11.16.1 ≤ FPG ≥6.9 and/or 7.8 ≤
2hBG >11.1
NANANANAMedium
Fottrell et al462018Jan–Mar 201612 280124911.446.6Cross-sectionalRural46.2DhakaMultistage random samplingFBG ≥7.0 and/or 2hBG ≥11.122.634.631.8NAGood
Biswas et al472019Jul and Dec 20118763105212.0NACross-sectionalBoth51.13NationalTwo-stage cluster samplingFBG ≥7.028.621.6NANAGood
  • FBG ≥7.0 or 6.1; 2hFBG ≥11.1 and HbA1c ≥6.5.

  • 2hFBG between 7.8 and 11.1; FPG 6.1–6.9 or 5.6–6.0; FBG 7.8–11.1.

  • FBG, fasting blood glucose; FPG, fasting plasma glucose; HbA1C, glycated haemoglobin; 2hFBG, 2-hour oral glucose; NA, not recorded or available.