Table 1

Sociodemographic and obstetrics characteristics of the women in 2005, 2011 and 2016 EDHS

Characteristics of womenPercentage distribution for each survey
EDHS 2005
n=10 721
EDHS 2011
n=11 872
EDHS 2016
n=10 889
Mother’s age (years)
 <2012.269.337.81
 20–3462.0766.2267.38
 35–4925.6724.2524.80
 Mean±SD29.01±6.9529.04±6.6329.23±6.53
Household head
 Male89.1551.586.06
 Female10.8548.0513.94
Marital status
 Not having partner4.566.076.25
 Had partner95.4493.9393.75
Religion
 Orthodox42.3738.0634.14
 Muslim35.0035.4941.50
 Protestant19.9523.2321.09
 Others2.683.223.26
Women educational level
 Unable to read and write79.3169.3066.13
 Primary education16.5327.526.67
 Secondary education3.792.244.68
 Higher education0.381.422.52
Husband educational level
 Unable to read and write59.0350.6048.57
 Primary education30.3741.2639.21
 Secondary education9.584.957.65
 Higher education1.013.194.56
Women occupation
 Not working71.1147.1455.62
 Working28.8952.8644.35
Husband occupation
 Not working2.001.3356.93
 Working98.0098.6743.07
Health institution distance
 Big problem74.4075.4360.58
 Not a big problem25.6024.5739.42
Had ANC
 No71.8657.4537.42
 Yes28.1442.5562.58
Birth order
 117.1319.0518.65
 2–442.9043.6242.80
 ≥5+39.9737.3338.55
Parity
 ≤226.1029.2228.80
 2–540.0539.6739.67
 ≥5+33.8531.1131.53
Wealth index
 Poor42.9845.2246.76
 Middle22.4420.5320.60
 Richer34.5834.2632.64
Residence
 Urban7.0912.8711.14
 Rural92.9187.1388.86
Region
 Tigray6.396.346.44
 Afar0.971.021.05
 Amhara23.9922.3718.74
 Oromia39.6942.2344.20
 Somali4.243.074.66
 Benishangul0.781.181.11
 SNNPR21.8121.0120.67
 Gambela0.270.340.24
 Harari0.190.240.24
 Addis Ababa1.321.872.23
 Dire Dawa0.340.330.42
  • ANC, antenatal care; EDHS, Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys; SNNPR, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples of Region.