Table 2

Association between peer status position (1966) and circulatory disease (1973–2016) among males: results from Cox proportional hazard regression models (n=5410)

Circulatory disease (1973–2016)
Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 4Model 5Model 6
HR95% CIHR95% CIHR95% CIHR95% CIHR95% CIHR95% CI
Peer status position (1966)
 High status (ref)111111
 Medium status1.13(0.97 to 1.32)1.12(0.96 to 1.31)1.11(0.95 to 1.29)1.08(0.92 to 1.26)1.06(0.90 to 1.24)1.05(0.89 to 1.23)
 Low status1.14(0.95 to 1.37)1.13(0.94 to 1.36)1.11(0.93 to 1.33)1.07(0.89 to 1.28)1.03(0.85 to 1.24)1.01(0.84 to 1.22)
 Marginalised1.54***(1.27 to 1.87)1.53***(1.26 to 1.86)1.49***(1.23 to 1.81)1.41***(1.16 to 1.72)1.34**(1.10 to 1.64)1.34**(1.09 to 1.64)
Sibling position (1972)
 Only child (ref)11111
 Last born0.87(0.70 to 1.09)0.89(0.71 to 1.11)0.92(0.73 to 1.15)0.92(0.74 to 1.16)0.93(0.74 to 1.17)
 Middle born0.82(0.61 to 1.09)0.83(0.62 to 1.11)0.86(0.64 to 1.15)0.86(0.64 to 1.15)0.88(0.66 to 1.18)
 First born0.85(0.67 to 1.06)0.86(0.69 to 1.09)0.87(0.70 to 1.10)0.88(0.70 to 1.11)0.89(0.71 to 1.12)
Number of siblings (1972)1.06(0.99 to 1.13)1.04(0.97 to 1.11)1.03(0.96 to 1.10)1.03(0.96 to 1.10)1.02(0.95 to 1.09)
Parental educational level (1960)
 At least one parent with upper secondary degree (ref)1111
 No parent with upper secondary degree1.03(0.88 to 1.19)0.98(0.84 to 1.14)0.97(0.83 to 1.13)0.97(0.83 to 1.14)
 Missing1.00(0.73 to 1.35)0.90(0.65 to 1.25)0.90(0.65 to 1.24)0.91(0.66 to 1.25)
Parental social welfare receipt (1953–1965)
 No (ref)1111
 Yes1.32**(1.12 to 1.56)1.29**(1.08 to 1.54)1.24*(1.04 to 1.48)1.21*(1.01 to 1.45)
Parental psychiatric problems (1953–1972)
 No (ref)111
 Yes1.06(0.81 to 1.38)1.05(0.81 to 1.37)1.00(0.77 to 1.31)
Intervention during delivery
 No (ref)111
 Yes1.35*(1.06 to 1.72)1.35*(1.06 to 1.72)1.35*(1.06 to 1.72)
 Missing1.14(0.96 to 1.35)1.13(0.95 to 1.34)1.13(0.95 to 1.34)
Cognitive ability (1966)
 First quartile (lowest) (ref)111
 Second quartile0.90(0.75 to 1.07)0.91(0.76 to 1.09)0.94(0.78 to 1.13)
 Third quartile0.81*(0.68 to 0.98)0.83*(0.69 to 1.00)0.86(0.72 to 1.04)
 Fourth quartile (highest)0.77**(0.63 to 0.93)0.79*(0.65 to 0.95)0.82*(0.68 to 1.00)
Conduct marks (1966)0.65*(0.46 to 0.92)0.68*(0.48 to 0.96)
Average school marks (1966)0.97(0.90 to 1.03)0.96(0.90 to 1.03)
Crimes of violence (1962–1972)
 No (ref)11
 Yes1.59**(1.23 to 2.07)1.44**(1.10 to 1.87)
Mental disorders (1973–2016)
 No (ref)1
 Yes1.43**(1.14 to 1.79)
Disorders due to alcohol use (1973–2016)
 No (ref)1
 Yes1.74***(1.39 to 2.17)
  • *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001.