Table 2

Results from multivariate logistic regression analyses that investigated associations of physical limitations, sociodemographic, health, psychological and social network characteristics with ‘going outdoors frequently’ outcome

CharacteristicsTotal sample
(n=3171)
Participants with mild* limitations (n=1446)Participants with severe† limitations (n=627)
Adjusted OR
(95% CI)
P valueAdjusted OR
(95% CI)
P valueAdjusted OR
(95% CI)
P value
Physical limitationsLimitations with walking0.24 (0.18 to 0.31)<0.001
Limitations with climbing stairs0.61 (0.47 to 0.80)<0.001
SociodemographicAge group
 68–72 years (wave 3)(ref)(ref)(ref)
 73–77 years (wave 2)0.99 (0.80 to 1.23)0.945
 78–82 years (wave 1)0.73 (0.59 to 0.92)0.006
Higher education1.30 (1.00 to 1.70)0.049
HealthDyspnoea0.60 (0.48 to 0.75)<0.0010.66 (0.47 to 0.92)0.0140.67 (0.48 to 0.93)0.018
Urinary incontinence0.67 (0.46 to 0.97)0.033
PsychologicalDepressive feelings0.58 (0.47 to 0.70)<0.0010.56 (0.42 to 0.73)<0.0010.67 (0.48 to 0.93)0.017
Fear of falling0.75 (0.62 to 0.91)0.0030.69 (0.53 to 0.91)0.008
Cognitive complaints0.66 (0.47 to 0.93)0.018
Social networkLiving alone1.30 (1.08 to 1.56)0.0061.34 (1.03 to 1.75)0.031
Dense social network1.57 (1.26 to 1.96)<0.0011.40 (1.02 to 1.91)0.037
High-quality social network1.28 (1.06 to 1.53)0.009
New emotional relationship2.52 (1.18 to 5.38)0.017
  • Refer to ‘Methods’ section for a detailed definition of the characteristics.

  • The following variables did not remain significantly associated with the ‘going outdoors frequently’ outcome in any of the three multivariate models and are not shown in Table 2: limitations with bending, limitations with carrying, sex, comorbidity, vertigo, pain, falls, insecurity in the street, optimism, death of the spouse or partner.

  • *Mild physical limitations: limitations in bending and/or carrying.

  • †Severe physical limitations: limitations in walking and/or climbing stairs.