Table 5

Summary statistics of the HAPA constructs related to parent and coach concussion behaviour management

OutcomeNo concussion educationReceived concussion educationWilcoxon rank-sum test
No of itemsInternal consistencynMedian (IQR)nMedian (IQR)P value
HAPA constructs related to parents taking their child in for physician assessment and clearance
 Risk perception60.681435.50 (3.33–7)6295.67 (3.17–7)0.5542
 Outcome expectancies80.681406.19 (4.00–7)6246.13 (2.50–7)0.4756
 Action self-efficacy20.61446.25 (3.50–7)6376.50 (1.00–7)0.1966
 Intention20.911466.50 (4.00–7)6377.00 (1.00–7)0.9979
 Maintenance self-efficacy30.951457.00 (4.00–7)6386.67 (1.00–7)0.8311
 Recovery self-efficacy20.841437.00 (2.00–7)6137.00 (1.00–7)0.5733
 Planning20.791385.50 (1.00–7)6286.00 (1.00–7)0.1135
HAPA constructs related to coaches removing a player from a game or practice due to a suspected concussion
 Risk perception70.75145.57 (5.29–5.86)1185.71 (4.29–6.71)0.5908
 Outcome expectancies60.6146.08 (5.50–6.67)1176.00 (4.00–7)0.5085
 Action self-efficacy30.8146.00 (5.33–6.33)1206.33 (4.00–7)0.2541
 Intention20.98146.00 (6.00–7)1187.00 (4.00–7)0.3432
 Maintenance self-efficacy30.92146.67 (6.00–7)1207.00 (4.00–7)0.4192
 Recovery self-efficacy20.78137.00 (6.00–7)1206.50 (4.50–7)0.4783
 Planning20.87134.00 (1.00–7)1184.00 (1.00–7)0.6556
  • HAPA, Health Action Process Approach.