Table 1

Characteristics of all study participants

No concussion education (n=147), %Received concussion education (n=649), %
Participant type
 Mother90(61.2%)353(54.4%)
 Father52(35.4%)279(43.0%)
 Non-parent head coach0(0.0%)4(0.6%)
 Non-parent assistant coach1(0.7%)5(0.8%)
 Missing4(2.7%)8(1.2%)
Coaching experience
 No coaching experience115(78.2%)421(64.9%)
 Coaching experience32(21.8%)228(35.1%)
Sex of child in study
 Male136(92.5%)621(95.7%)
 Female11(7.5%)28(4.3%)
Hockey playing experience
 No experience99(67.3%)356(54.9%)
 Currently plays hockey21(14.3%)128(19.7%)
 Used to play hockey27(18.4%)164(25.3%)
 Missing0(0.0%)1(0.2%)
City
 Calgary85(57.8%)436(67.2%)
 Edmonton58(39.5%)209(32.2%)
 Vancouver4(2.7%)4(0.6%)
Age, mean (SD)45.22(5.64)45.81(5.39)
 Missing23(15.6%)107(16.5%)
Age group of either parent’s child or coach’s team
 Pee Wee (ages 11–12)2(1.4%)36(5.5%)
 Bantam (ages 13–14)113(76.9%)457(70.4%)
 Midget (ages 15–17)32(21.8%)156(24.0%)
Participant's highest level of education
 Some grade school2(1.4%)9(1.4%)
 High school16(10.9%)76(11.7%)
 Bachelor’s degree40(31.0%)213(36.0%)
 Graduate degree18(12.2%)96(14.8%)
 College53(41.1%)197(33.3%)
 Other9(6.1%)28(4.3%)
 Missing9(6.1%)30(4.6%)
Years as a hockey parent
 First season1(0.7%)2(0.3%)
 1 year0(0.0%)1(0.2%)
 2 years0(0.0%)3(0.5%)
 3 years5(3.4%)2(0.3)
 4 years5(3.4%)17(2.6%)
 5 years6(4.1%)26(4.0%)
 6 years11(7.5%)35(5.4%)
 7 years24(16.3%)58(8.9%)
 >7 years92(62.6%)492(75.8%)
 Missing/coach3(2.0%)13(2.0%)
No of children in hockey
 186(58.5%)339(52.2%)
 246(31.3%)235(36.2%)
 311(7.5%)48(7.4%)
 40(0.0%)6(0.9%)
 Missing/coach4(2.7%)21(3.2%)
Total no of previous concussions among children
 0115(78.2%)336(51.8%)
 118(12.2%)157(24.2%)
 27(4.8%)88(13.6%)
 33(2.0%)32(4.9%)
 41(0.7%)14(2.2%)
 51(0.7%)7(1.1%)
 60(0.0%)1(0.2%)
 >60(0.0%)2(0.3%)
 Missing/coach2(1.4%)12(1.8%)
Medical or first aid certification
 No105(71.4%)376(57.9%)
 Yes41(27.9%)263(40.5%)
 Missing1(0.7%)10(1.5%)
Completed the hockey Canada safety programme
 No91(61.9%)301(46.4%)
 Yes30(20.4%)237(36.5%)
 I don't know17(11.6%)87(13.4%)
 Missing9(6.1%)24(3.7%)