Table 3

Univariate analyses of associations of each chronic health condition with patient-reported diagnostic errors

Chronic health conditionPatient-reported diagnostic errors
Present
(n=57)
Absent
(n=1417)
P value*
Hypertension28 (49.1)758 (53.5)0.589
Diabetes15 (26.3)260 (18.3)0.163
Dyslipidaemia14 (24.6)395 (27.9)0.653
Stroke0 (0.0)21 (1.5)1.000
Cardiac diseases7 (12.3)130 (9.2)0.481
Chronic respiratory diseases8 (14.0)147 (10.4)0.376
Digestive diseases12 (21.1)176 (12.4)0.067
Hepatobiliary–pancreatic diseases8 (14.0)82 (5.8)0.020
Kidney diseases2 (3.5)51 (3.6)1.000
Urological diseases8 (14.0)117 (8.3)0.140
Arthritis3 (5.3)121 (8.5)0.623
Rheumatism1 (1.8)19 (1.3)0.548
Lumbar diseases9 (15.8)180 (12.7)0.542
Osteoporosis5 (8.8)129 (9.1)1.000
Dementia2 (3.5)26 (1.8)0.295
Neurological diseases0 (0.0)9 (0.6)1.000
Mental disorders7 (12.3)52 (3.7)0.006
Endocrine diseases3 (5.3)52 (3.7)0.468
Malignancy4 (7.0)65 (4.6)0.337
Skin diseases3 (5.3)65 (4.6)0.744
  • *P value by Fisher's exact test.