Table 3

Univariable comparison of sociodemographic and comorbidity factors between Hispanic and non-Hispanic ethnicities

Hispanic
(n=3590)
Non-Hispanic
(n=16 025)
OR*/median difference* (95% CI)P value
Age, mean (SD)45.1 (18.3)52.8 (18.9)0.98 (0.98 to 0.98)<0.001
Age categories (%)
 Up to 3536.021.8Reference
 36–5026.124.60.64 (0.58 to 0.71)<0.001
 51–7532.040.10.47 (0.43 to 0.52)<0.001
 >755.912.70.28 (0.24 to 0.36)<0.001
Female64.561.41.14 (1.06 to 1.23)0.001
Median (IQR) zip income65 742
(48 345–82 708)
73 742
(56 288–102 008)
−8000
(−9450.5 to −6549.5)
<0.001
Median zip income pentiles (%), pentiles of increasing income†
 Category I29.218.2Reference
 Category II23.319.60.74 (0.66 to 0.83)<0.001
 Category III21.819.80.68 (0.61 to 0.76)<0.001
 Category IV15.021.60.43 (0.38 to 0.49)<0.001
 Category V10.620.80.32 (0.28 to 0.36)<0.001
Population density for zip, median (IQR)3256.8
(1504.0–4299.7)
2741.6
(1408.1–4110.7)
515.2
(469.2 to 561.2)
<0.001
Population density for zip pentiles (%), pentiles of increasing population density†
 Category I15.521.2Reference
 Category II21.120.91.39 (1.22 to 1.57)<0.001
 Category III15.320.01.05 (0.92 to 1.20)0.48
 Category IV27.018.32.02 (1.79 to 2.28)<0.001
 Category V21.119.51.48 (1.31 to 1.68)<0.001
CCI, median (IQR)1 (0–4)2 (0–6)−1 (−1.21 to −0.79)<0.001
CCI categories (%)
 041.829.7Reference
 1–225.423.60.76 (0.70 to 0.84)<0.001
 3–615.921.70.52 (0.47 to 0.58)<0.001
 >616.924.90.48 (0.43 to 0.54)<0.001
Hypertension38.050.50.60 (0.56 to 0.65)<0.001
Diabetes (without complications)27.423.61.22 (1.12 to 1.33)<0.001
Obesity27.328.90.92 (0.85 to 1.00)0.06
  • *Unadjusted OR and 95% CI for the association between individual covariates in SARS-CoV-2 positivity or difference in median and 95% CI of the difference obtained via quantile regression.

  • †Pentiles were defined by categorising the ordered distribution of median income and population density into five categories.

  • SARS-CoV-2, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2.