Table 6

Structure of the main ePAQ-VAS with evidence base for inclusion of individual items, scales and sections

SectionScaleClinicians’ consensus studyMost valid condition specific PROMsQualitative studyQualitative reviewsQuestion text
VLU-QOLPADQOLAVVQAAACADVVVLUPADAAACADVVVLUPAD
GenericPain4×××××××××××××Do you suffer with any pain?
GenericPain4×××××××××××Use the image below and click on body parts where you experience pain or discomfort.
GenericPain×××××××××××Please use your own words to describe this problem.
GenericPain4×××××××××××××How often do you experience a significant amount of pain?
GenericPain4××××××××××How much do problems caused by pain affect your overall enjoyment of life?
GenericSensation4×××××××Do you experience any numbness or pins and needles in any part of your body?
GenericSensation4×××××××Please use the image below to select where you experience sensation change in your body.
GenericSensation×××××××Please use your own words to describe this problem.
GenericSensation4×××××××How often do you experience numbness or pins and needles?
GenericSensation4×××××××How much do problems caused by numbness or pins and needles affect your overall enjoyment of life?
GenericWeakness4×××Do you have any loss of strength or weakness in any part of your body?
GenericWeakness3×××Please use the image below to indicate the areas where you experience any physical weakness.
GenericWeakness×××Please use your own words to describe this problem.
GenericWeakness4×××How often do you experience loss of strength or weakness?
GenericWeakness3×××How much do problems caused by weakness affect your overall enjoyment of life?
CarotidAnxiety4××Do you worry about having a stroke?
CarotidAnxiety3××Does carotid artery disease make you feel anxious?
CarotidAnxietyNew itemAre you worried about your health getting worse because of carotid artery disease?
CarotidAnxietyNew itemAre you worried about losing your independence because of carotid artery disease?
CarotidSymptoms2×Do you have any problems with maintaining your balance?
CarotidSymptoms2×Do you suffer with any problems with your memory? (eg, forgetting or losing things)
CarotidSymptoms4××Have you had any problems with your speech? (eg, slurring your words or not being able to speak or say things properly)
CarotidSymptomsNew itemDo you have any problems with swallowing food?
CarotidSymptoms4××Have you had any problems with partial or complete loss of vision in either of your eyes?
CarotidSymptoms4××How would you describe any loss of vision in your right eye?
CarotidSymptoms4××How would you describe any loss of vision in your left eye?
CarotidADL3××How much do problems caused by carotid artery disease (anxiety associated with diagnosis or physical symptoms) affect your overall enjoyment of life?
CarotidADL4××How much do problems caused by carotid artery disease (eg, mini-stroke or stroke memory balance speech visual or other related issues) affect your physical activities such as exercise walking or running?
CarotidADL3××How much do problems caused by carotid artery disease (eg, mini-stroke or stroke memory balance speech visual or other related issues) affect your ability to undertake personal roles and responsibilities such as caring for others study or work?
CarotidADL4××How much do problems caused by carotid artery disease (eg, mini-stroke or stroke memory balance speech visual or other related issues) affect your ability to look after yourself?
CarotidADL3××How much do problems caused by carotid artery disease (eg, mini-stroke or stroke memory balance speech visual or other related issues) affect your social activities such as visiting friends and family?
CarotidADL2××How much do problems caused by carotid artery disease visual or other related issues) affect your mood?
AAASymptoms4××Do you have any abdominal (tummy) pain?
AAASymptomsNew item (3)Do you experience a throbbing feeling in your abdomen (tummy)?
AAAAnxiety4××Do you worry about aortic aneurysm?
AAAAnxiety4××Do you worry about any symptoms you experience that may be caused by aortic aneurysm?
AAAAnxiety4××Do you worry about possible increase in the size of your aneurysm?
AAAAnxiety4××Do you fear sudden death or rupture of your aortic aneurysm?
AAAAnxiety4××Do you avoid physical exertion because of having an aortic aneurysm?
AAAAnxiety3××Do you avoid travelling independently because of aortic aneurysm?
AAAADL3×How much do problems caused by aortic aneurysm affect your overall enjoyment of life?
AAAADL4××How much does aortic aneurysm affect your physical activities? (eg, exercise walking or going out)
AAAADL3××How much does aortic aneurysm affect your ability to undertake personal roles and responsibilities? (eg, caring for others study or work?
AAAADL3×How much do you feel aortic aneurysm affects your ability to look after yourself? (eg, rest wash toilet or feed yourself)
AAAADL4×How much does aortic aneurysm affect your social activities? (eg, visiting friends or family)
AAAADL4××Do you suffer from low mood because of having an aortic aneurysm?
LLIschaemic Pain4±±×××××Do you experience any cramping pain in your legs or feet?
LLIschaemic Pain4±×××Do you experience cramping pain in your legs or feet when walking?
LLIschaemic Pain4±××How far can you walk before you experience any cramping pain in your legs or feet?
LLIschaemic Pain4±××Do you walk more slowly than you would choose to in order to avoid cramping pain in your legs and feet?
LLIschaemic Pain4××Do you experience cramping pain in your legs or feet when walking uphill?
LLIschaemic Pain4××Do you experience pain in your legs or feet when you climb stairs?
LLIschaemic Pain4××××××Do you experience pain in your feet at night?
LLIschaemic Pain4Do you dangle one or both of your legs over the side of the bed to help reduce foot pain?
LLIschaemic Pain4××××××Do you experience severe pain in your legs or feet when you are resting or sitting?
LLIschaemic Pain2×Are you troubled by cold feet?
LLUlcer4X×××××Have you ever had any ulcers on your legs or feet now or at any time in the past?
LLUlcer4×××××Please use the image below to show where you currently have any leg or foot ulcers.
LLUlcer4×××Are you concerned about the smell of your leg ulcers?
LLUlcer4×××Are you concerned about the appearance of your leg ulcers?
LLUlcer4××Do you have leg ulcers that leak fluid (watery liquid)?
LLUlcer4××Do you experience infections in your leg ulcers? (eg, foul smell or pus)
LLUlcer4×××Do you experience repeated leg ulcers?
LLUlcer4××××Do you worry about your leg ulcers? (eg, not healing becoming infected losing part of your leg or foot).
LLVV4×Do you experience any bleeding from veins in your legs or feet?
LLVV4×××Do you have any problems with the skin over your varicose veins?
LLVV4×××Do varicose veins make you feel self-conscious or embarrassed?
LLVV4××××××Do leg or foot problems affect what clothing or shoes you can wear?
LLVV4××××Do you experience any swelling in your legs or feet?
LLVV4×××××Do you experience itching in your legs or feet?
LLVV4××××Do you wear compression stockings or tights for your legs?
LLTissue loss4×××Have you lost any part of your legs or feet through amputation or gangrene?
LLTissue loss4×××Please click on the appropriate part or parts of your legs feet or toes that you have had amputated or have been lost.
LLAnxiety3×××××××××Do you worry about your leg problems getting worse in the future?
LLADL3±×±××××××How much do leg or foot problems affect your overall enjoyment of life?
LLADL3±×××××××How much do leg or foot problems affect your ability to carry out physical activities? (eg, walking housework or exercise)
LLADL3±×±××××××How much do leg or foot problems affect your personal responsibilities? For example, caring for others study or work.
LLADL3×±××××××How much do leg or foot problems affect your ability to look after yourself? (eg, rest wash toilet or feed yourself)
LLADL3±×±××××××How much do leg or foot problems affect your social activities? (eg, going out visiting friends or family)
LLADL4×××××××Do you suffer from low mood because of leg or foot problems?
GenericPersonal data×××××××××Do you rely on any people to help you with your everyday activities?
GenericPersonal data×××××××Do you experience financial problems because of your vascular condition?
  • The items of the eight scales are coloured in this table.

  • AAA, abdominal aortic aneurysm; ADL, activity of daily living; AVVQ, Aberdeen Varicose Veins Questionnaire; CAD, carotid artery disease; LL, lower limb; PAD, peripheral arterial disease; PADQOL, peripheral arterial disease quality of life; VLU, venous leg ulcer; VLU-QOL, venous leg ulcer quality of life; VV, varicose veins.