Table 2

Coding framework: subthemes and key concepts

COM-B Framework Subtheme Concepts Contextual domain
CapabilityPsychologicalKnowledgeLack of knowledge, acquisition, resourcesHealthcare provision/community
Cognitive difficultiesDenial, memory, language barriers, inability to focusHealthcare provision
Previous experienceFamily history, previous diagnosisFamily life
PhysicalExisting capacityPredisposition to exercise or not*
Physical restrictionMedical conditions, overweight, mobility, postnatal complications, fatigue*
OpportunitySocialInfluence of familyChildcare support, encouragement, advice, isolation, negative influence, mealtimesFamily life
Social belongingPeer support groups, virtual support, socialising while exercisingCommunity
Social/physicalCompeting prioritiesTime restrictions, family first, self-neglectFamily life
PhysicalHealthcare environmentImportance of primary/secondary care, issues of availability, healthcare process, negative interactions with staffHealthcare provision
ConvenienceCommunity resources, work/other duties incorporate exercise, availability of appsCommunity
FinancialAffordability, subsidies*
MotivationReflectivePlansCreating solid plans to promote behaviour changeIndividual
IntentionsIndenting to change behaviourIndividual
MonitoringTracking behaviour, positive reinforcement, diet restriction, goal settingIndividual
AutomaticEmotionsAnxiety, overwhelmed, shock, worry, concern, depressionIndividual
DisengagedPostponement, dislike, denialIndividual
  • *Subthemes not categorised into a contextual domain.

  • COM-B, capability, opportunity, motivation and behaviour.