Table 3

Group comparisons of the subscales

N (%)ABCD Risk Questionnaire
Risk
Mean (SD)
Benefits
Mean (SD)
Eating
Mean (SD)
Knowledge
Mean (SD)
Total sample4102.16 (0.60)3.22 (0.48)2.55 (0.68)5.76 (1.55)
Gender
 Male127 (31.0%)2.24 (0.61)3.24 (0.45)2.47 (0.67)5.80 (1.61)
 Female277 (67.6%)2.12 (0.60)3.22 (0.50)2.59 (0.68)5.73 (1.53)
t-test1.80*0.33−1.69*0.42
Education
 Basic59 (14.4%)2.28 (.57)3.09 (.46)2.69 (.62)5.23 (1.72)
 Medium104 (25.4%)2.14 (.53)3.15 (.44)2.56 (.56)5.83 (1.67)
 High247 (60.2%)2.13 (.63)3.29 (.49)2.52 (.73)5.85 (1.43)
F-test1.465.99**1.393.93*
Family status
 Living in family109 (26.6%)2.14 (.58)3.20 (.49)2.51 (.70)5.57 (1.57)
 Living alone299 (72.9%)2.17 (.61)3.23 (.48)2.57 (.67)5.82 (1.54)
t-test−0.52−0.59−0.81−1.43
Smoking status
 Non-smoking312 (76.1%)2.13 (.60)3.23 (.47)2.53 (.69)5.79 (1.56)
 Smoking96 (23.4%)2.25 (.59)3.19 (.51)2.64 (.63)5.60 (1.52)
t-test−1.83*0.84−1.340.72
CVD present
 No260 (63.4%)1.99 (0.54)3.28 (0.49)2.57 (0.70)5.80 (1.56)
 Yes148 (36.1%)2.44 (0.59)3.13 (0.46)2.52 (0.64)5.69 (1.60)
t-test−7.92***2.90**0.690.69
Perceived CVD risk level (one item)
 Low177 (43.2%)1.78 (0.42)3.30 (0.49)2.59 (0.69)5.68 (1.51)
 Medium190 (46.3%)2.32 (0.49)3.17 (0.47)2.54 (0.67)5.78 (1.56)
 High43 (10.5%)2.99 (0.48)3.13 (0.48)2.46 (0.65)5.98 (1.68)
F-test143.10***4.23*0.760.68
  • N=410 for the total sample; variables not summing up to 410 (100%) have missing values.

  • *P<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001

  • ABCD, Attitudes and Beliefs about Cardiovascular Disease; CVD, cardiovascular disease.