Table 1

Inclusion and exclusion criteria for literature review

Inclusion criteriaExclusion criteria
Patient population and indicationStudies including patients age 18 and older with vascular, pigmented, inflammatory, metabolic or infectious lesions, benign tumours and hair follicle-related skin conditions treated with lasersNon-humans flebological skin conditions
Laser-assisted drug delivery, low laser level therapy, body contouring, skin tightening, hair removal, rejuvenation and antiageing
Study designRCTs, cohort studies, case-control studies, case seriesIn vitro studies, systematic reviews, abstracts and expert opinions, case reports
InterventionAny type of laser treatment for vascular, pigmented or inflammatory lesions, benign tumours and hair follicle-related skin conditions.Laser-assisted drug delivery, low laser level therapy, laser therapy for leg veins and cosmetic interventions (see scope of outcomes)
OutcomesNon-clinical outcomes
For example, biochemical outcomes, imaging, confocal laser, histology
PublicationAll studies are conducted between 2013 and 2017
  • RCT, randomised controlled trial.