Table 3

OR from the multilevel logistic regression model comparing the proportion of diagnosed severe pneumonia between the arms

VariablesTotalDiagnosed severe pneumoniaBivariate analysisMultivariable analysis
n (%)COR* (95% CI)AOR† (95% CI)P value
Intervention‡Yes928148 (15.9)4.7 (1.9 to 11.8)5.4 (2.0 to 14.3)0.001
No87634 (3.9)11
Sex of childBoy954113 (11.8)1.9 (1.1 to 3.1)1.5 (1.1 to 2.3)0.033
Girl83069 (8.3)11
Age of child (months)2–1177393 (12.0)1.7 (1.2 to 2.4)1.7 (1.1 to 2.6)0.011
12–59103189 (8.6)11
Height-for-age z-score (<−2)Yes76387 (11.4)1.5 (1.0 to 2.3)1.5 (1.0 to 2.3)0.055
No91473 (8.0)11
Pneumococcal and Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccinesPartially vaccinated46967 (14.3)2 (1.3 to 3.0)1.7 (1.1 to 2.7)0.043
Fully vaccinated1335115 (8.6)11
Educational status of parentsNo education82396 (11.7)1.7 (0.9 to 3.3)1.1 (0.5 to 2.3)0.797
Primary80372 (9.0)1.4 (0.7 to 2.6)1.3 (0.6 to 2.6)0.487
Secondary17614 (8.0)11
Wealth tertilesPoor53952 (9.6)1.7 (0.8 to 3.3)1.1 (0.7 to 1.9)0.617
Medium52147 (9.0)1.3 (0.8 to 2.3)0.9 (0.6 to 1.5)0.761
Rich55958 (10.4)11
  • *Crude OR.

  • †Adjusted OR.

  • ‡The intraclass correlation coefficient for severe pneumonia was 0.043.