Table 2

Baseline comparison between groups at individual and cluster level

VariablesInterventionControl
Cluster level
Number of clusters1212
Number of children aged less than 5 years in the catchment area63 28550 629
Total number of children attending health centres26001755
Total number of eligible children928876
Number of eligible children per cluster7773
Sex of health workers
 Male89
 Female43
Age of health workers in year: mean (SD)29 (4.5)26 (2.8)
Total service duration in months: median (IQR)37 (30 to 81)45 (25 to 68)
Service in child care in months: median (IQR)25 (23 to 45)21 (8 to 56)
Previous training in IMCI
 Yes78
 No54
Profession of health workers
 Health officer24
 BSc nursing11
 Diploma nursing97
Number of eligible children per cluster7773
Individual level
Sex of child
 Boys479/914 (52%)475/870 (55%)
 Girls435/914 (48%)395/870 (45%)
Duration of cough or difficulty breathing in days: mean (SD)3.8 (2.3)3.8 (1.9)
Age of child in months: median (IQR)12 (7 to 28)12 (7 to 25)
Weight-for-age-z score: median (IQR)−1.0 (−2.0 to 0.1)−1.1 (−2.2 to 0.1)
Weight-for-height-z score: median (IQR)−0.1 (−1.4 to 1.4)−0.1 (−1.7 to 1.8)
Height-for-age-z score: median (IQR)−1.7 (−3.4 to −0.0)−1.8 (−3.5 to −0.1)
Pneumococcal and Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccines
 Fully vaccinated668/928 (72.0%)667/876 (76.1%)
 Partially vaccinated260/928 (28.0%)209/876 (23.9%)
Age of caregivers in years: mean (SD)26.6 (6.2)27.1 (4.7)
Educational status of caregivers
 No education386/927 (41.6%)437/875 (49.9%)
 Primary432/927 (46.6%)371/875 (42.4%)
 Secondary and above109/927 (11.8%)67/875 (7.7%)
Wealth tertiles
 Poor217/830 (26.1%)322/789 (40.8%)
 Medium313/830 (37.7%)208/789 (26.4%)
 Rich300/830 (36.1%)259/789 (32.8%)
  • IMCI, Integrated Management of Childhood Illness.