Table 5

Post-hoc analysis regarding mental and physical quality of life of recently retired football and rugby players who reported to have been forced to retire, and quality of life of players who reported to have been forced to retire with ankle OA compared with players without ankle OA

PROMIS mental health
(median; IQR; min–max)
P valuePROMIS physical health
(median; IQR; min–max)
P value
Total
 Voluntarily retired* (n=369)53; 48–56; 31–68*<0.00154; 48–58; 30–68*<0.001
 Forced to retire* (n=168)48; 44–53; 28–68*48; 42–51; 27–68*
 Voluntarily retired with OA* (n=30)51; 46–53; 36–630.07451; 45–54; 35–62*0.001
 Voluntarily retired without OA* (n=339)53; 48–59; 31–6854; 48–58; 30–68*
 Forced to retire with OA (n=14)48; 46–55; 31–630.84142; 40–46; 37–580.159
 Forced to retire without OA (n=154)48; 44–53; 28–6848; 42–52; 27–68
Football*
 Voluntarily retired* (n=272)53; 48–56; 31–68*<0.00154; 48–58; 30–68*<0.001
 Forced to retire* (n=113)48; 44–53; 31–63*48; 42–51; 27–62*
Rugby*
 Voluntarily retired* (n=97)53; 48–56; 31–68*0.01854; 48–58; 35–68*<0.001
 Forced to retire* (n=55)48; 44–56; 28–68*48; 37–54; 30–68*
  • *Statistically significant difference.

  • max, maximum; min, minimum; n, number; OA, osteoarthritis; PROMIS, Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System.