Table 3

Costs due to healthcare consumption and production loss for treatment groups from week 0–13, week 14–52 and the entire follow-up period (week 0–52) (the total costs for healthcare and productivity loss in the type I MC subgroup are presented at the end of the table)

Cost categoriesWeek 0–13Week 14–52Week 0–52
AmoxicillinPlaceboAmoxicillinPlaceboAmoxicillinPlacebo
Cost of treatment311.5 (0)0 (0)00311.5 (0)0 (0)
Non-opioid medication1.7 (1.8)1.6 (1.6)1.7 (1.8)1.7 (1.7)3.4 (3.4)3.3 (3.2)
Opioid medication1.3 (2.1)1.5 (2.1)1.5 (2.2)1.6 (2.4)2.8 (4.0)3.1 (4.4)
General practitioner2.1 (9.7)2.6 (10.7)19.9 (63.0)18.0 (68.2)21.3 (64.0)20.6 (70.6)
Medical specialist5.9 (46.9)0 (0)13.2 (54.5)16.4 (77.7)18.6 (98.0)16.4 (77.7)
Chiropractor7.5 (29.1)6.8 (32.3)29.4 (107.3)42.1 (161.6)35.8 (120.6)48.9 (176.9)
Physio
therapist
33.9 (109.4)17.1 (67.7)67.1 (267.6)43.0 (133.0)98.3 (364.5)59.8 (170.2)
Manual therapist13.5 (67.5)0 (0)34.5 (173.3)16.5 (59.5)46.7 (215.7)16.5 (59.5)
Psychomotor physiotherapy0 (0)0 (0)4.4 (41.0)0 (0)4.4 (41.0)0 (0)
Acupuncture0.9 (8.0)3.4 (25.2)2.7 (18.1)14.4 (70.5)3.4 (19.4)17.7 (78.4)
Other therapists17.2 (82.2)34.9 (117.0)62.7 (201.1)66.6 (229.3)76.6 (234.0)101.1 (319.0)
Surgery, hospitalisation and/or rehabilitation stay*83.6 (677.3)0 (0)226.1 (1285.2)13.2 (125.8)309.7 (1523.6)13.2 (125.8)
Total healthcare costs481.8 (696.9)68.5 (146.1)472.7 (1372.2)233.6 (472.7)954.5 (1654.2)302.2 (561.4)
Production loss (225 work days per year)5999.3 (5815.5)5641.7 (5497.3)14 091.9 (15402.2)13 132.1 (15091.4)20 091.1 (20026.2)18 773.9(19237.2)
Total costs6481.1 (5837.7)5710.2 (5521.0)14 564.6 (15531.7)13 365.8 (15196.5)21 045.7 (20105.3)19 076.0 (19355.5)
Total costs for type I MCs
Total healthcare costs509.7 (833.9)70.3 (143.6)306.3 (668.1)214.0 (445.9)816.0 (1076.4)284.4 (560.4)
Production loss (225 work days per year)6091.6 (5873.5)5055.0 (5393.5)13 583.2 (15577.4)11 997.2 (14726.0)19 674.8 (20310.3)17 052.3 (19196.2)
Total costs for type I MCs6601.3 (5917.3)5125.4 (5428.6)13 889.5 (15715.4)12 211.3 (14814.5)20 490.7 (20392.0)17 336.6 (19299.8)
  • Values are mean (SD) of costs (€).

  • Summarised health care and productivity costs are provided in italics, total costs in bold text.

  • *Back surgery (day surgery, 1 patient), hospitalisation (two patients) and rehabilitation stay (three patients).

  • MC, Modic change.