Table 1

Data sources used in the model

ItemData source
Prevalence rates by BMI category, age and WI at country, regional and department levels
 BMI for age and gender z-score for children and adolescents aged 0–17 years by WINational Nutrition Survey (ENSIN), 2005.21
 BMI category prevalence by age, gender and WI for adultsNational Nutrition Survey (ENSIN), 2010.22
Population composition at country, regional and department levels
 Population size by age, gender and WIColombian National Department of Statistics (DANE). Estimations and population projections for 1985–2020.56
 Mortality rates by age group and genderDANE. Vital Statistics (2005).45
 Fertility rateWorld Data Bank. World Development Indicators (1960–2014).57
Projections for 2015–2030. Forecast series using the Holt-Winters no seasonal method in EViews 10 (Quantitative Micro Software, LLC).
DANE. Population series-Fertility estimations (1985–2005) y Projections (2005–2020) for Colombia departments.56
 Fraction of births by BMI category and genderNational Nutrition Survey (ENSIN), 2005.21
Classification of individuals by BMI category
Height-for-age z-score and BMI for age and gender z-score cut-off points for children and adolescents aged 0–17 years:
 Not overweight: BMI for age and gender z-score ≤1 SDWHO child growth standards.42
WHO child growth references.43
 Overweight: BMI for age and gender z-score >1 SD and ≤2 SD
 Obese: BMI for age and gender z-scores >2 SD
BMI category cut-points for adults aged 18–64 years:
 Not overweight: BMI <25 kg/m2WHO cut-off points.44
 Overweight: BMI ≥25 and <30 kg/m2
 Obese: BMI ≥30 kg/m2
SES indicator
 Wealth index quintileNational Nutrition Survey (ENSIN), 2005.21
National Nutrition Survey (ENSIN), 2010.22
Economic development level indicator
 GDP per capita at regional and department levelDANE. GDP per capita.49
Projections for 2017–2030. Forecast series using the double exponential smoothing method in EViews 10 (Quantitative Micro Software, LLC).
  • BMI, body mass index; DANE, Colombian National Department of Statistics; DHS, Demographic and Health Surveys; GDP, gross domestic product; SES, socioeconomic status; WI, wealth index.