Table 2

Data sources to be linked in ASHLi

Data setData descriptionData providerGeographical coverageCoverage in years
Coronial cases and informationThe National Coronial Information System (NCIS) is a national repository containing data on deaths reported to a coroner in Australia and New Zealand.NCISAustralia-wide1 July 2013–10 October 2019
Medicines dispensing claimsAustralia’s Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) is a national drug subsidy programme for the approved prescription medication and captures the dispensing of all PBS-approved medicines in Australia.
Data will be extracted for each individual during the exposure period.
AIHWAustralia-wide1 July 2012–latest available before death
Health service recordsThe Medicare Benefits Scheme (MBS) is a listing of the Medicare services subsidised by the Australian government including any healthcare contacts, and any items used that are listed under the Mental Health Plan.AIHWAustralia-wide1 July 2012–latest available before death
Death recordsThe NDI is a database developed and maintained by the AIHW. The database is a listing of all deaths that have occurred in Australia since 1980.AIHWAustralia-wide1 July 2013–latest available
Admitted patient dataThe Admitted Patient Data Collection (APDC) contains records of all inpatient separations (discharges, transfers and deaths) from all public, private, psychiatric and repatriation hospitals in NSW.NSW Health APDCNSW1 July 2012–latest available
Ambulatory mental health dataThe Mental Health Ambulatory (MH-AMB) Data Collection is dedicated to the assessment, treatment, rehabilitation or care of non-admitted patients. It may include mental health day programmes, psychiatric outpatients and outreach services (eg, home visits). The data record ‘contacts’ (as opposed to ‘episodes of care’) by clinicians to a patient.NSW Health MH-AMB data collectionNSW1 July 2012–latest available
Emergency department dataThe Emergency Department Data Collection (EDDC) provides information about patient presentations to the emergency departments of public hospitals in NSW. By 2016, the EDDC captured 100% of public hospitals in NSW, prior to this time, the number of contributing hospitals steadily increased from 90 to 150 in 2010.NSW Health EDDCNSW1 July 2012–latest available
  • AIHW, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare; APDC, Admitted Patient Data Collection; ASHLi, Australian Suicide Prevention using Health-Linked Data ; EDDC, Emergency Department Data Collection; MH-AMB, Mental Health Ambulatory; NCIS, National Coronial Information System; NDI, National Death Index; NSW, New South Wales; PBS, Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme.