Table 2

Process outcomes for all individuals referred to EIP service

Implementation siteComparator site
BaselineYear 1Year 2P valueP valueBaselineYear 1Year 2P valueP value
(n=123)(n=416)(n=463)Y1 vs baselineY2 vs baseline(n=237)(n=271)(n=252)Y1 vs baselineY2 vs baseline
Accepted onto EIP pathway69 (56%)118 (28%)124 (27%)<0.0001<0.0001145 (61%)168 (62%)102 (40%)0.89<0.0001
Time from EIP referral to EIP assessment (in days)11.0 (6.0 to 20.5)6.0 (3.0 to 12.0)7.0 (4.0 to 14.0)<0.0001<0.00017.0 (3.0 to 12.0)7.0 (4.0 to 12.8)12.0 (7.0 to 21.0)0.24<0.0001
Time from CTP referral to EIP assessment (in days)20.0 (11.8 to 55.3)15.0 (6.0 to 40.0)11.0 (6.0 to 23.0)0.0053<0.000133.0 (11.0 to 142.5)24.0 (9.3 to 130.5)33.0 (13.0 to 98.0)0.450.96
DNAs prior to assessment
 0113 (92%)378 (91%)434 (94%)0.37211 (89%)247 (91%)232 (92%)0.59
 17 (6%)28 (7%)17 (4%)17 (7%)19 (7%)12 (5%)
 2 or more3 (2%)10 (2%)12 (3%)9 (4%)6 (2%)9 (4%)
Time to allocation and engagement by care coordinator (in weeks)4.0 (0.0 to 11.0)1.0 (0.0 to 5.0)0.0 (0.0 to 3.0)0.0033<0.00010.0 (0.0 to 7.3)0.0 (0.0 to 7.0)0.0 (0.0 to 14.8)0.0540.48
Time to MDT discussion (in weeks)6.2 (1.7 to 20.0)1.9 (1.0 to 4.6)1.9 (0.9 to 3.0)<0.0001<0.00011.8 (0.7 to 3.0)1.7 (1.0 to 2.7)4.9 (1.8 to 28.0)0.74<0.0001
Time to medical formulation (in weeks)4.7 (2.3 to 8.4)3.9 (1.9 to 8.4)3.3 (1.9 to 6.0)0.450.116.5 (2.3 to 10.3)6.7 (2.4 to 11.0)8.3 (3.8 to 11.9)0.990.14
Time to CPA /care plan (in weeks)2.4 (0.0 to 6.9)2.7 (0.8 to 5.4)2.0 (0.4 to 5.8)0.620.872.0 (0.7 to 5.6)3.0 (1.0 to 14.5)13.0 (4.3 to 34.0)0.080<0.0001
Time to risk assessment completion (in weeks)50.3 (2.6 to 91.1)6.4 (1.0 to 15.3)4.7 (1.4 to 8.1)<0.0001<0.00015.3 (1.4 to 15.0)3.6 (1.0 to 15.1)4.6 (1.1 to 13.4)0.380.60
Reason for non-acceptance to EIP
 Does not fulfil EIP criteria29 (71%)202 (79%)280 (85%)0.001018 (20%)20 (19%)28 (19%)0.76
 Discharged on professional advice4 (10%)14 (5%)2 (1%)62 (67%)65 (63%)100 (66%)
 DNA/did not engage/declined treatment6 (15%)27 (11%)35 (11%)5 (5%)8 (8%)13 (9%)
 Moved out of area0 (0%)11 (4%)10 (3%)6 (7%)7 (7%)9 (6%)
 Other2 (5%)3 (1%)4 (1%)1 (1%)4 (4%)1 (1%)
Reason for discharge from EIP after acceptance
 Care completed4 (15%)4 (9%)0 (0%)0.0760 (0%)0 (0%)0 (0%)0.40
 Does not fulfil EIP criteria8 (31%)22 (48%)22 (50%)7 (6%)6 (5%)4 (9%)
 Discharged on professional advice0 (0%)1 (2%)3 (7%)80 (72%)72 (61%)25 (54%)
 DNA/did not engage/declined treatment6 (23%)8 (17%)8 (18%)16 (14%)25 (21%)11 (24%)
 Moved out of area5 (19%)11 (24%)9 (20%)7 (6%)12 (10%)5 (11%)
Other3 (12%)0 (0%)2 (5%)1 (1%)4 (3%)1 (2%)
Change in accommodation status during EIP
 No reported change63 (91%)118 (100%)124 (100%)<0.0001136 (94%)157 (93%)78 (76%)<0.0001
 Moved to mainstream housing0 (0%)0 (0%)0 (0%)2 (1%)3 (2%)10 (10%)
 Moved from acute/long stay/ hospital to supported accommodation0 (0%)0 (0%)0 (0%)1 (1%)3 (2%)2 (2%)
 Moved to acute/long stay/ hospital1 (1%)0 (0%)0 (0%)0 (0%)1 (1%)4 (4%)
 Committed to bail/probation hostel/prison0 (0%)0 (0%)0 (0%)0 (0%)0 (0%)1 (1%)
 No longer homeless1 (1%)0 (0%)0 (0%)3 (2%)2 (1%)1 (1%)
 Became homeless1 (1%)0 (0%)0 (0%)1 (1%)2 (1%)1 (1%)
 Other3 (4%)0 (0%)0 (0%)2 (1%)0 (0%)5 (5%)
  • Numbers represent either N (%) for categorical variables or median (IQR) for continuous variables. Excludes EIP to EIP transfers. P values for categorical comparisons from χ2 test or Fisher's exact test as appropriate. P values for continuous data from Mann-Whitney U tests.

  • CPA, Care Programme Approach; EIP, early intervention in psychosis; MDT, multidisciplinary team.