Table 3

Physical health assessments and interventions

Implementation siteComparator site
BaselineYear 1Year 2P valueBaselineYear 1Year 2P value
(n=69)(n=118)(n=124)(n=145)(n=168)(n=102)
Physical health assessments received within 12 weeks
 Physical health (general)33 (48%)81 (69%)86 (69%)0.003838 (26%)40 (24%)44 (43%)0.0019
 Smoking23 (33%)72 (61%)76 (61%)0.0003338 (26%)42 (25%)34 (33%)0.30
 Substance use35 (51%)93 (79%)98 (79%)<0.000171 (49%)63 (38%)66 (65%)<0.0001
 Alcohol35 (51%)89 (75%)102 (82%)<0.000160 (41%)60 (36%)61 (60%)0.00045
 Weight17 (25%)46 (39%)60 (48%)0.006546 (32%)39 (23%)39 (38%)0.027
 Waist4 (6%)16 (14%)27 (22%)0.01118 (12%)9 (5%)2 (2%)0.0037
 Pulse20 (29%)48 (41%)47 (38%)0.3025 (17%)32 (19%)33 (32%)0.010
 Blood pressure22 (32%)50 (42%)55 (44%)0.2532 (22%)38 (23%)40 (39%)0.0036
 Bloods taken18 (26%)58 (49%)50 (40%)0.01015 (10%)25 (15%)36 (35%)<0.0001
 ECG10 (14%)49 (42%)27 (22%)<0.000117 (12%)10 (6%)30 (29%)<0.0001
 NICE health check in 12 weeks2 (3%)9 (8%)11 (9%)0.301 (1%)1 (1%)1 (1%)0.94
Interventions offered at any time
 CBT43 (62%)68 (58%)84 (68%)0.261 (1%)23 (14%)22 (22%)<0.0001
 Family intervention36 (52%)64 (54%)80 (65%)0.177 (5%)7 (4%)10 (10%)0.13
 Carer support50 (72%)82 (69%)90 (73%)0.8634 (23%)29 (17%)25 (25%)0.26
 Employment support41 (59%)47 (40%)57 (46%)0.04337 (26%)47 (28%)18 (18%)0.15
Interventions taken up within 6 months
 Engagement52 (75%)103 (87%)111 (90%)0.03982 (57%)74 (44%)80 (79%)<0.0001
 CBT for psychosis3 (4%)10 (8%)8 (6%)0.560 (0%)7 (4%)7 (7%)0.010
 Carer support24 (35%)63 (53%)84 (68%)<0.000117 (12%)22 (13%)16 (16%)0.66
 Medication37 (54%)80 (68%)91 (73%)0.02725 (17%)37 (22%)28 (28%)0.16
 Collaborative care planning22 (32%)85 (72%)86 (69%)<0.000145 (31%)38 (23%)1 (1%)<0.0001
 Physical health2 (3%)4 (3%)7 (6%)0.5837 (26%)9 (5%)15 (15%)<0.0001
 Vocational14 (20%)79 (67%)89 (72%)<0.000129 (20%)37 (22%)39 (39%)0.0023
 Family work for psychosis2 (3%)11 (9%)8 (6%)0.252 (1%)6 (4%)1 (1%)0.26
 Any of these57 (83%)113 (96%)117 (94%)0.007183 (57%)74 (44%)82 (81%)<0.0001
  • N (%) individuals accepted onto the EIP pathway at each site, who received listed physical health checks within 12 weeks, were offered interventions or took up interventions within 6 months of EIP referral. Excludes EIP to EIP transfers. P values from χ2 test or Fisher's exact test as appropriate.

  • CBT, cognitive–behavioural therapy; EIP, early intervention in psychosis; NICE, National Institute of Health and Care Excellence.