Table 1

Characteristics by cover levels measured at the time period 2

Low cover
(N=786)
Medium cover
(N=857)
High cover
(N=8576)
Perfect cover
(N=11 764)
n%n%n%n%
Sex
 Male503 64.0532 62.14670 54.56108 52.0
 Female283 36.0325 37.93906 45.55638 48.0
Age groups, years
 45/5490 11.5220 25.71106 12.91878 16.0
 55–64181 23.0275 32.12384 27.83390 28.9
 65–74174 22.1218 25.43108 36.23904 33.2
 75–84212 27.0111 13.01777 20.72223 18.9
 85+129 16.433 3.9201 2.3351 3.0
Indigenous
 Yes774 98.5834 97.38463 98.711 590 98.7
 No12 1.523 2.7113 1.3156 1.3
Accessibility
 Highly accessible80 10.276 8.9931 10.91258 10.7
 Accessible13 1.78 0.966 0.8132 1.1
 Moderate258 32.8288 33.63103 36.23937 33.5
 Very remote/remote435 55.3485 56.64476 52.26419 54.6
SEIFA
 Highest disadvantage193 24.6164 19.11993 23.22829 24.1
 High disadvantage241 30.7219 25.62202 25.73481 29.6
 Moderate115 14.6193 22.51382 16.11536 13.1
 Less disadvantage114 14.5142 16.61396 16.31679 14.3
 Least disadvantage123 15.6139 16.21603 18.72221 18.9
Education
 Below secondary school114 14.5113 13.21458 17.02288 19.5
 Secondary school464 59.0588 68.64947 57.76571 55.9
 Higher school/university/tafe208 26.5156 18.22171 25.32887 24.6
Levels of limitation
 No263 33.5214 25.02674 31.23482 29.6
 Minor97 12.3185 21.61214 14.21930 16.4
 Moderate163 20.7273 31.92435 28.43189 27.1
 Severe263 33.5185 21.62253 26.33145 26.8
Duration of diabetes, years
 1–5326 41.5378 44.13587 41.85118 43.6
 6–10260 33.1254 29.62698 31.53508 29.9
 10+200 25.4225 26.32291 26.73120 26.6
 Number of self-report comorbidity2 1–31 1–22 1–32 1–3)
Quintiles of regularity TP1
 No GP contacts188 23.923 2.719 0.26 0.1
 1337 42.9450 52.52076 24.22926 24.9
 278 9.9169 19.72367 27.63102 26.4
 366 8.4119 13.92328 27.12913 24.8
 4117 14.996 11.21786 20.82799 23.8
 UPC index TP10.33 0–0.670.8 0.65–0.910.82 0.69–0.920.82 0.68–0.92
 Number of specialist visits TP10 0–67 1–169 4–187 2–14
 Number of GP contacts TP12 0–811 6–1618 14–2218 14–23
Levels of complications prior to TP1
 0—no complication337 42.9449 52.43898 45.56459 55.0
 1/2 complications185 23.5208 24.32469 28.82820 24.0
 3+ complications264 33.6200 23.32209 25.82467 21.0
 Number of comorbidity (MACSS) prior TP14 1–73 1–64 2–63 0–5
 Number of diabetes-related hospitalisation TP10 0–10 0–00 0–10 0–0
 Number of unplanned diabetes-related hospitalisation TP10 0–00 0–00 0–00 0–0
  • n and % for categorical variables and median (IQR) for continuous variables.

  • Low level of cover: the cover score from 0 to 0.5; medium level of cover: the cover score above 0.5 to 0.85; high level of cover if the cover score above 0.85 to 0.99; perfect level of cover: above 0.99 to 1.0.

  • GP, general practitioner; MACSS, Multipurpose Australian Comorbidity Scoring System; SEIFA, Census-specific Socio-economic Indexes for areas; TP1, time period 1 between 2009/2010 and 2011/2012; UPC, usual provider continuity.