Table 3

Mediation analysis of social and economic position on health-seeking behaviour for under-5 children with diarrhoea and ARI in Myanmar

OutcomesTotal effectDirect effectMediation effect
Mean (%) (95% CI)Mean (%) (95% CI)Mean (%) (95% CI)
Diarrhoea
 Seeking treatment11.7 (3.8 to 19.8)11.1 (2.4 to 19.8)0.5 (−2.8 to 4.0)
 Formal health provider14.3 (4.7 to 25.8)12.1 (1.6 to 23.4)2.6 (1.3 to 6.8)
 Public provider−9.9 (−14.8 to -3.4)−6.8 (−12.6 to −0.3)−2.3 (−5.4 to 0.0)
 Private provider9.8 (3.9 to 14.6)6.9 (0.1 to 12.4)2.2 (0.2 to 5.5)
ARI
 Seeking treatment6.9 (−4.7 to 21.2)4.8 (−8.0 to 20.3)2.1 (−3.7 to 7.8)
 Formal health provider9.3 (−0.7 to 22.7)5.1 (−4.1 to 18.3)4.6 (−1.1 to 11.6)
 Public provider0.4 (−15.7 to 17.3)−1.6 (−19.3 to 17.0)1.8 (−3.1 to 6.6)
 Private provider−0.9 (−17.8 to 16.4)0.9 (−17.6 to 19.6)−1.7 (−7.1 to 2.8)
  • ARI, acute respiratory infection; Direct effect, direct effect of social position on child health-seeking; Mediation effect, mediation effect of economic position on child health-seeking; Total effect, total effect of social position mediated by economic position on child health-seeking.