Table 1

Descriptive characteristics of demographic and socioeconomic variables among under-5 children in Myanmar, 2015–2016

CharacteristicsAll childrenChildren with diarrhoeaChildren with ARI
n=4099n=427n=131
Individual level
 Child age (months) (N, %)
  0–11806 (19.8)81 (18.9)15 (11.4)
  12–593293 (80.2)346 (81.8)116 (88.6)
  χ2 p value0.70<0.01
 Immunisation (N, %)
  Complete2164 (52.8)249 (58.2)57 (43.7)
  Incomplete1935 (47.2)179 (41.8)74 (56.3)
  χ2 p value<0.050.11
Household level
 Number of under-5 children in household (N, %)
  12504 (61.1)270 (65.1)78 (61.6)
  ≥21595 (38.9)145 (34.9)49 (38.4)
  χ2 p value0.080.80
 Social position (N, %)*
  Low1209 (29.5)125 (29.4)38 (28.8)
  Medium1885 (46.0)194 (45.5)59 (45.4)
  High1005 (24.5)108 (25.1)34 (25.8)
  χ2 p value0.070.06
  Mean (SD)1.23 (0.73)1.19 (0.69)1.21 (0.72)
  SE0.0110.0290.046
  T-test p value<0.05<0.05
 Economic position (N, %)†
  Low1476 (36.0)192 (45.0)49 (37.9)
  Medium1275 (31.1)111 (26.0)47 (35.8)
  High1348 (32.9)124 (29.0)35 (26.3)
  χ2 p value<0.050.09
  Mean (SD)1.70 (1.03)1.55 (1.04)1.56 (0.98)
  SE0.0020.0050.009
  T-test p value<0.001<0.01
Community level
 Residence (N, %)
  Urban910 (22.2)77 (18.1)28 (21.4)
  Rural3189 (77.8)350 (81.9)103 (78.6)
  χ2 p value<0.050.78
  • Weighting, clustering and stratification were accounted in calculations of proportions and sample sizes reported.

  • *Component variables for social position: mother’s and father’s education, occupation and maternal literacy. Social position (low=0.00–0.91, medium=0.92–1.84, high=1.85–2.77).

  • †Component variables for economic position: household utilities, household asset ownership and household service use. Economic position (low=0.00–1.18, medium=1.19–2.35, high=2.36–3.53).

  • ARI, acute respiratory infection.