Table 4

Regression results: probability of healthcare resources utilisation and cost estimation (dead at the end of the 5-year follow-up period)

CovariatesProbability
(first modelling part)
Cost ratios
(second modelling part)
Coefficient (95% CI)SECoefficient (95% CI)SE
Age group (years)
 0–49Reference
 50–540.150 (−0.125 to 0.426)0.141−0.112 (−0.405 to 0.180)0.149
 55–590.134 (−0.098 to 0.366)0.118−0.093 (−0.334 to 0.147)0.123
 60–640.129 (−0.080 to 0.338)0.1070.000 (−0.208 to 0.209)0.106
 65–690.129 (−0.067 to 0.326)0.101−0.011 (−0.212 to 0.189)0.102
 70–740.107 (−0.084 to 0.298)0.0970.016 (−0.180 to 0.213)0.100
 75–790.128 (−0.059 to 0.315)0.095−0.005 (−0.198 to 0.189)0.099
 80–840.132 (−0.053 to 0.318)0.0950.056 (−0.136 to 0.247)0.098
 85–89−0.048 (−0.233 to 0.137)0.0940.066 (−0.126 to 0.257)0.098
 90—max−0.518 (−0.702 to −0.333)0.0940.097 (−0.095 to 0.290)0.098
Sex
 MaleReference
 Female0.048 (0.033 to 0.063)0.0080.028 (0.014 to 0.043)0.007
Date of admission−0.040 (−0.042 to −0.039)0.0010.004 (0.002 to 0.005)0.001
SIMD quintile
 1Reference
 20.033 (0.011 to 0.055)0.0110.015 (−0.005 to 0.036)0.011
 30.058 (0.034 to 0.082)0.012−0.008 (−0.030 to 0.015)0.012
 40.065 (0.039 to 0.090)0.013−0.017 (−0.041 to 0.007)0.012
 50.113 (0.088 to 0.138)0.013−0.024 (−0.049 to 0.000)0.012
Geography
 Large urbanReference
 Other urban−0.010 (−0.032 to 0.012)0.011−0.033 (−0.054 to −0.012)0.011
 Accessible small towns−0.006 (−0.036 to 0.025)0.015−0.049 (−0.077 to −0.021)0.014
 Accessible rural−0.031 (−0.060 to −0.001)0.015−0.036 (−0.064 to −0.008)0.014
 Remote small towns−0.054 (−0.102 to −0.005)0.0250.003 (−0.042 to 0.049)0.023
 Remote rural−0.038 (−0.084 to 0.009)0.024−0.012 (−0.057 to 0.034)0.023
 Very remote small towns−0.065 (−0.147 to 0.017)0.0420.036 (−0.052 to 0.123)0.045
 Very remote rural0.014 (−0.051 to 0.078)0.033−0.002 (−0.068 to 0.065)0.034
Health boards
 Great Glasgow and ClydeReference
 Lothian0.029 (0.004 to 0.055)0.0130.029 (0.006 to 0.053)0.012
 Lanarkshire−0.052 (−0.080 to −0.023)0.014−0.034 (−0.061 to −0.008)0.013
 Ayrshire and Arran−0.122 (−0.155 to −0.089)0.0170.011 (−0.020 to 0.042)0.016
 Grampian0.075 (0.044 to 0.106)0.016−0.057 (−0.086 to −0.028)0.015
 Tayside−0.024 (−0.056 to 0.007)0.016−0.061 (−0.089 to −0.033)0.014
 Fife−0.028 (−0.064 to 0.008)0.0180.047 (0.012 to 0.082)0.018
 Highland0.034 (−0.015 to 0.084)0.025−0.065 (−0.117 to −0.013)0.027
 Forth Valley−0.060 (−0.099 to −0.021)0.020−0.123 (−0.161 to −0.085)0.019
 Dumfries and Galloway−0.027 (−0.074 to 0.020)0.024−0.014 (−0.058 to 0.029)0.022
 Borders−0.058 (−0.112 to −0.005)0.027−0.023 (−0.074 to 0.029)0.026
 Western Isles−0.033 (−1.168 to 1.102)0.5790.305 (−0.165 to 0.775)0.240
 Orkney0.191 (0.055 to 0.327)0.069−0.180 (−0.317 to −0.042)0.070
 Shetland−0.031 (−0.170 to 0.108)0.071−0.187 (−0.323 to −0.052)0.069
Comorbidity
 No comorbiditiesReference
 1 comorbidity−0.176 (−0.449 to 0.097)0.1390.147 (−0.127 to 0.422)0.140
 >1 comorbidities−0.256 (−0.491 to −0.021)0.1200.626 (0.401 to 0.851)0.115
  • SIMD, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation.