Table 3

Regression results: probability of healthcare resources utilisation and cost estimation (alive at the end of the 5-year follow-up period)

CovariatesProbability
(first modelling part)
Cost ratios
(second modelling part)
Coefficient (95% CI)SECoefficient (95% CI)SE
Age group (years)
 0–49Reference
 50–540.352 (0.282 to 0.422)0.0360.067 (0.013 to 0.120)0.027
 55–590.424 (0.361 to 0.488)0.0320.148 (0.098 to 0.199)0.026
 60–640.528 (0.470 to 0.586)0.0300.218 (0.174 to 0.263)0.023
 65–690.571 (0.516 to 0.627)0.0280.292 (0.248 to 0.336)0.022
 70–740.603 (0.549 to 0.658)0.0280.412 (0.371 to 0.454)0.021
 75–790.684 (0.630 to 0.739)0.0280.484 (0.443 to 0.525)0.021
 80–840.572 (0.516 to 0.628)0.0280.615 (0.572 to 0.659)0.022
 85–890.496 (0.435 to 0.557)0.0310.805 (0.756 to 0.854)0.025
 90—max0.206 (0.134 to 0.279)0.0371.044 (0.981 to 1.106)0.032
Sex
 MaleReference
 Female0.067 (0.048 to 0.086)0.0100.050 (0.037 to 0.063)0.007
Date of admission0.171 (0.170 to 0.173)0.001−0.059 (−0.060 to −0.057)0.001
SIMD quintile
 1Reference
 20.021 (−0.009 to 0.050)0.015−0.052 (−0.071 to −0.033)0.010
 3−0.023 (−0.054 to 0.008)0.016−0.081 (−0.101 to −0.060)0.011
 4−0.045 (−0.077 to −0.014)0.016−0.117 (−0.138 to −0.096)0.011
 5−0.051 (−0.083 to −0.020)0.016−0.160 (−0.181 to −0.139)0.011
Geography
 Large urbanReference
 Other urban−0.140 (−0.169 to −0.112)0.014−0.030 (−0.049 to −0.012)0.010
 Accessible small towns−0.172 (−0.210 to −0.134)0.019−0.052 (−0.077 to −0.026)0.013
 Accessible rural−0.217 (−0.253 to −0.181)0.018−0.061 (−0.086 to −0.037)0.013
 Remote small towns−0.145 (−0.203 to −0.087)0.030−0.007 (−0.048 to 0.035)0.021
 Remote rural−0.319 (−0.371 to −0.268)0.026−0.064 (−0.101 to −0.027)0.019
 Very remote small towns−0.404 (−0.491 to −0.318)0.044−0.098 (−0.161 to −0.036)0.032
 Very remote rural−0.360 (−0.428 to −0.293)0.034−0.087 (−0.138 to −0.035)0.026
Health boards
 Great Glasgow and ClydeReference
 Lothian−0.055 (−0.090 to −0.020)0.018−0.051 (−0.072 to −0.030)0.011
 Lanarkshire0.003 (−0.034 to 0.040)0.019−0.072 (−0.095 to −0.048)0.012
 Ayrshire and Arran−0.396 (−0.436 to −0.355)0.021−0.064 (−0.093 to −0.035)0.015
 Grampian0.029 (-0.013 to 0.070)0.021−0.051 (−0.077 to −0.026)0.013
 Tayside−0.453 (−0.491 to −0.415)0.019−0.094 (−0.120 to −0.067)0.014
 Fife−0.087 (−0.134 to −0.040)0.024−0.024 (−0.057 to 0.008)0.017
 Highland−0.191 (−0.247 to −0.135)0.029−0.037 (−0.075 to 0.001)0.020
 Forth Valley−0.520 (−0.566 to −0.474)0.023−0.108 (−0.141 to −0.074)0.017
 Dumfries and Galloway−0.314 (−0.369 to −0.259)0.028−0.166 (−0.206 to −0.127)0.020
 Borders−0.547 (−0.605 to −0.489)0.030−0.099 (−0.144 to −0.054)0.023
 Western Isles−1.164 (−1.264 to −1.063)0.0510.139 (0.057 to 0.221)0.042
 Orkney−0.394 (−0.535 to −0.252)0.0720.002 (−0.114 to 0.117)0.059
 Shetland−0.605 (−0.740 to −0.470)0.069−0.044 (−0.172 to 0.085)0.066
Comorbidity
 No comorbiditiesReference
 1 comorbidity0.705 (0.602 to 0.808)0.0520.432 (0.352 to 0.513)0.041
 >1 comorbidities1.165 (0.974 to 1.357)0.0981.133 (1.041 to 1.226)0.047
  • SIMD, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation.