Table 3

Maternal and fetal complications during pregnancy of recent immigrants and long-term residents

Recent immigrantsLong-term residentsP value
N (%)N (%)
Maternaln=230n=662
 Hypothyroidism15 (6.5%)59 (8.9%)NS
 Gestational diabetes33 (14.3%)137 (20.7%)<0.05
 Anaemia42 (18.3%)113 (17.1%)NS
 Gestational hypertension1 (0.4%)10 (1.5%)NS
 Pre-eclampsia5 (2.2%)23 (3.5%)NS
 Symptoms of preterm labour6 (2.6%)24 (3.6%)NS
 Placenta praevia4 (1.7%)8 (1.2%)NS
No. of women with complications*96 (41.7%)356 (53.8%)<0.01
Fetaln=237n=669
 IUGR7 (3%)11 (1.6%)NS
 Macrosomia13 (5.5%)72 (10.8%)<0.05
  • *As a composite endpoint for women with complications during pregnancy.

  • IUGR, intrauterine growth retardation; NS, not statistically significant.