Table 1

Baseline characteristics of study participants (n=149)*

CommunityOverall
(n=149)
1
(n=43)
2
(n=24)
3
(n=25)
4
(n=16)
5
(n=16)
6
(n=11)
7
(n=14)
Male, n (%)53 (36)19 (44)5 (21)6 (24)7 (44)6 (38)3 (27)7 (50)
Median age, years (IQR) (n=142)58 (50–71)59 (54–72)54 (48–70)61 (54–73)55 (50–71)58 (52–66)61 (47–69)57 (46–71)
Has a radio, n (%)93 (62)30 (70)12 (50)17 (68)7 (44)13 (81)5 (45)9 (64)
Has a car/motorcycle, n (%)43 (29)8 (19)6 (25)11 (44)4 (25)3 (19)5 (45)6 (43)
Type of remuneration
 Salary, n (%)8 (5)1 (2)0 (0)1 (4)4 (25)0 (0)0 (0)2 (14)
 Day labour, n (%)58 (39)15 (35)9 (38)5 (20)2 (13)11 (69)9 (82)7 (50)
 None, n (%)83 (56)27 (63)15 (63)19 (76)10 (63)5 (31)2 (18)5 (36)
Diabetes diagnosis, n (%)70 (47)28 (65)12 (50)6 (24)9 (56)10 (63)2 (18)3 (21)
 HbA1c (%), median (IQR)9.3 (7.2–11.7)8.1 (7.1–10.6)11.7 (9.3–13)7.9 (7.8–9.3)11.3 (10.0–13.0)8.8 (7.0–12.6)8.1 (6.3–9.9)6.2 (5.1–10.3)
 HbA1c ≥9%, n (%)37 (53)11 (39)9 (75)2 (33)8 (89)5 (50)1 (50)1 (33)
 Controlled diabetes,† n (%) (n=69)15 (22)7 (26)1 (8)1 (17)0 (0)3 (30)1 (50)2 (67)
Hypertension diagnosis, n (%)110 (74)34 (79)12 (50)23 (92)7 (44)13 (81)10 (91)12 (86)
 SBP (mm Hg), median (IQR)135 (126–151)130 (117–146)150 (125–173)135 (120–145)145 (132–197)146 (138–151)139 (144–151)132 (126–138)
 DBP (mm Hg), median (IQR)80 (72–88)77 (69–86)84 (74–93)79 (72–85)89 (71–105)82 (79–92)86 (84–91)77 (73–82)
 Controlled hypertension,‡ n (%)61 (59)20 (59)5 (42)16 (73)2 (29)5 (38)5 (50)9 (75)
  • *Unless otherwise stated.

  • †Defined as glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) <7%.

  • ‡Defined as blood pressure (in mm Hg) <140/90, <130/80 if concomitant diabetes, <150/90 if age ≥80 according to 2010/2014 Mexican Ministry of Health guidelines.17

  • DBP, diastolic blood pressure; SBP, systolic blood pressure.