Table 3

Factors associated with non-referral for HTS among counselled young people in Bulawayo and Mount Darwin, Zimbabwe (October–December 2018)

Sociodemographic characteristicsTotal
counselled
Not referred for HTSUnadjustedAdjusted
n(%)RR(95% CI)aRR(95% CI)
Total33702946(100)
Age (years)
 10–1412421178(94.8)RefRef
 15–1913461134(84.2)0.89(0.82–0.96)0.91(0.83–0.99)
 20–24782634(81.1)0.85(0.78–0.94)0.92(0.81–1.03)
Sex
 Male22071937(87.8)1.01(0.93–1.01)0.98(0.90–1.05)
 Female11631009(86.8)RefRef
Marital status
 Single32882889(87.9)RefRef
 Married7752(67.5)0.77(0.58–1.01)0.88(0.67–1.17)
 Divorced or separated55(100.0)1.14(0.47–2.74)1.35(0.58–3.25)
School status
 In-school23342118(90.7)RefRef
 Out of school1036828(79.9)0.88(0.81–0.95)0.95(0.86–1.05)
Counselling session
 Individual741554(74.8)RefRef
 Group26292392(91.0)1.22(1.11–1.33)1.16(1.04–1.27)
Type of setting
 Bulawayo (urban)21601958(90.6)RefRef
 Mount Darwin (rural)1210988(81.7)0.90(0.83–0.97)0.93(0.85–1.01)
Age of peer educator (years)*
 15–19751673(89.6)RefRef
 20–2426192273(86.8)0.97(0.89–1.05)0.96(0.85–1.03)
Sex of peer educator†
 Male16241421(87.5)1.00(0.93–1.07)1.01(0.93–1.08)
 Female17461525(87.3)RefRef
  • In bold: statistically significant at p<0.05.

  • *Refers to the number of clients who were counselled by peer educators aged 15–19 and 20–24 years.

  • †Refers to the number of clients who were counselled by male and female peer educators.

  • aRR, adjusted relative risk; HTS, HIV testing services; Ref, reference; RR, relative risk.