Table 4

Factors associated with non-referral for VMMC services among counselled young people in Bulawayo and Mount Darwin, Zimbabwe (October–December 2018)

Sociodemographic characteristicsTotal counselledNot referred for VMMCUnadjustedAdjusted
n(%)RR(95% CI)aRR(95% CI)
Age (years)
Marital status
 Divorced or separated11(100)2.41(0.34–17.1)2.46(0.34–1.77)
School status
 Out of school594316(53.2)1.42(1.24–1.63)1.09(0.92–1.30)
Counselling session
Type of setting
 Bulawayo (urban)1392644(46.3)RefRef
 Mount Darwin (rural)815276(33.9)0.73(0.640.84)0.61(0.52–0.71)
Age of peer educator (years)*
Sex of peer educator†
  • In bold: statistically significant at p<0.05.

  • *Refers to the number of clients who were counselled by peer educators aged 15–19 and 20–24 years.

  • †Refers to the number of clients who were counselled by male and female peer educators.

  • aRR, adjusted relative risk; Ref, reference; RR, relative risk; VMMC, voluntary medical male circumcision.