Table 2

Secondary diagnoses found in patients with migraine and with other headache disorders (excluding migraine)

Females %Males %
ComorbiditiesMigraineOther headachesMigraineOther headaches
Essential hypertension19.38*†11.09*18.00†12.48
Disorders of lipoid metabolism14.61‡11.5715.50‡14.12
Tobacco use disorder9.17†§11.73§13.7114.30
Anxiety disorder8.38‡§7.24§5.41†3.77
Diabetes mellitus6.18†§2.19*7.00†3.57
Hypothyroidism5.86§5.05§1.161.13
Dysthymic disorder5.55†§4.26§2.53†1.55
Unspecified asthma4.26§4.40§2.76‡3.24
Depressive disorder5.03†§3.67§2.3 †1.29
Vomiting2.84*†0.73§4.04†1.11
  • *p<0.05, women versus men.

  • †p<0.001, migraine versus other headaches.

  • ‡p<0.05, migraine versus other headaches.

  • §p<0.001, women versus men.