Table 1

Maintenance motives for behaviour change maintenance

Maintenance motiveDefinitionTheoretical basis for maintenance
Satisfaction with outcomes and behavioural enjoymentAn individual’s positive self-assessment of the relative costs and benefits afforded by the behaviour and the behavioural experiences.Satisfactory physical activity outcomes and experiences enhance the tendency to repeat the action by reinforcing the decision to engage in the behaviour.
Self-determinationAn individual’s free choice to engage in a behaviour.Physical activity is more likely to be maintained when it is personally relevant, valued and autonomously chosen.
IdentityAn individual’s sense of self, including values, beliefs and needs.The degree to which one’s identity is congruent with physical activity fosters internalisation and behavioural regulation.
  • Adapted from Kwasnicka et al.13