Table 2

Multivariable Cox regression analysis of time to next admission following discharge from index admission (n=4144)

FactorHR (95% CI)P value
Control group (reference)
 CTO group1.60 (1.42 to 1.80)<0.001
Age (reference: <25 years)
 25–34 years1.02 (0.87 to 1.18)0.84
 35–44 years0.89 (0.76 to 1.04)0.13
 45–55 years0.80 (0.68 to 0.94)0.007
 >55 years0.65 (0.54 to 0.78)<0.001
Sex (reference: male)
 Female0.95 (0.86 to 1.04)0.27
Diagnosis (reference: schizophrenia)
 Other psychotic disorder0.90 (0.78 to 1.05)0.18
 Bipolar disorder1.23 (1.07 to 1.41)0.004
 Depressive disorders1.19 (1.01 to 1.41)0.041
 Other0.81 (0.68 to 0.95)0.011
Forensic status (reference: not forensic)
 In forensic services1.12 (0.94 to 1.34)0.22
Antipsychotic route (reference: oral)
 LAI/depot1.11 (0.99 to 1.23)0.063
 None0.47 (0.25 to 0.85)0.013
Year of study entry (reference: 2008)
 20091.20 (0.98 to 1.46)0.083
 20101.29 (1.06 to 1.58)0.013
 20111.47 (1.21 to 1.79)<0.001
 20121.81 (1.49 to 2.19)<0.001
 20132.02 (1.66 to 2.45)<0.001
 20142.45 (1.96 to 3.08)<0.001
  • Analysis adjusted for all variables reported in this table.

  • CTO, community treatment order; LAI, long-acting injectable.