Table 2

Researcher-reported patient and public involvement in trial design and/or conduct

Aspect of trialIRAS-reported PPI in design and/or conduct of trial
Intention to disseminate results to participants (n=381)No intention to disseminate results to participants (n=42)
Frequency % Frequency %
Design18047.21638.1
Management12131.7614.3
Undertaking12332.32866.7
Analysis174.524.8
Dissemination22759.61126.2
  • *Totals for % are greater than 100 as categories are not mutually exclusive and research teams could report PPI across several aspects of the research.

  • IRAS, Integrated Research Application System; PPI, patient and public involvement.