Table 3

Descriptive statistics of the two behaviours for SCT and NPT

BehaviourJob rolePast behaviourSelf-efficacyOutcome expectationsProximal goalsDifferentiationCommunal specificationIndividual specificationInternalisationLegitimation
InformingGP (n=96)0.23±0.692.82±0.763.10±0.747.60±3.384.06±0.892.27±0.833.40±0.934.08±0.663.77±0.76
Nurse (n=48)0.58±1.813.19±0.763.54±0.907.94±3.693.91±1.002.63±1.093.30±0.954.26±0.614.16±0.71
HCA (n=21)0.24±0.632.94±0.823.38±0.744.29±5.073.67±1.052.86±1.103.07±0.704.07±0.593.57±0.65
p0.95 0.04
(GP vs
Nurse 0.01)
0.01
(GP vs
Nurse 0.01)
0.01
(GP vs
HCA 0.01) (Nurse vs HCA 0.01)
0.29 0.03 0.250.32 0.01
(GP vs
Nurse 0.01) (Nurse vs HCA 0.01)
SuggestingGP (n=96)0.29±0.713.17±0.883.24±0.807.82±3.284.14±0.632.38±0.923.51±0.864.06±0.653.75±0.83
Nurse (n=48)1.10±2.463.54±0.783.58±0.888.56±3.123.93±1.102.84±1.043.35±0.904.24±0.604.13±0.66
HCA (n=21)0.14±0.483.15±0.713.55±0.825.14±5.043.73±0.883.27±1.033.21±0.703.87±0.523.62±0.65
p0.07 0.02
(GP vs
Nurse 0.01)
0.81 < 0.001
(Nurse vs HCA < 0.001)
0.25 < 0.001
(GP vs Nurse 0.01)
(GP vs HCA < 0.001)
0.210.09 0.01
(GP vs Nurse 0.01)
  • Past behaviour and proximal goals were 10-point scales, that is, for how many of the last 10 patients did the clinician perform the behaviour (‘past behaviour’), and for how many of their next 10 patients does the clinician plan to perform the behaviour (‘proximal goals’); the other measures were 5-point Likert scales: ‘1-strongly disagree’, ‘2-disagree’, ‘3-neither agree or disagree’, ‘4-agree’ and ‘5-strongly agree’.

  • Data presented as mean±SD.

  • Statistically significant differences are indicated in bold font.

  • Post-hoc analysis for communal specification (informing) did not identify statistically significant differences between groups following adjustment of critical value of p.

  • P = test of differences between professional groups determined using Kruskal-Wallis (top level p value), with results of post hoc Mann-Whitney tests (with adjustment of critical value of p) presented in parentheses.

  • GP, general practitioner; HCA, healthcare assistant; NPT, normalisation process theory; SCT, social cognitive theory.