Table 3

Annual costs and consequences of HCAIs to the NHS in England in 2016/2017

Annual number with a HCAIAdditional
NHS cost
Number of hospital bed daysNumber of days front-line HCPs were absent from work
Patients acquired a HCAI, had an increased length of hospital stay and were discharged598 426£2 070 967 7425 445 680not applicable
Patients acquired a HCAI, had an increased length of hospital stay and then died21 653£73 855 238197 044not applicable
Patients acquired a HCAI, no increased length of hospital stay and were discharged31 496£1 570 4780not applicable
Patients acquired a HCAI, no increased length of hospital stay and then died1140£00not applicable
Front-line HCPs who acquired a HCAI, were absent from work and replaced by bank or agency staff1750£3 476 760168748
Front-line HCPs who acquired a HCAI, were absent from work and not replaced by bank or agency staff10 748£57 3989853 738
Front-line HCPs who acquired a HCAI, were not absent from work and unable to work at full capacity and replaced by bank or agency staff0£000
Front-line HCPs who acquired a HCAI, were not absent from work and unable to work at full capacity and not replaced by bank or agency staff1319£000
Front-line HCPs who acquired a HCAI, were not absent from work and continue to work at full capacity69£000
Total for patients652 715£2 146 393 4575 642 7230
Total for front-lineHCPs13 886£3 534 15811462 486
  • HCAI, healthcare-associated infection; HCP, healthcare professional; NHS, National Health Service.