Table 1

Mean, SD, range and classifications of BMI-for-age, WC, WHtR, ABSI and blood pressure of adolescents (n=513)

VariablesN (%)
Total (n=513)Males (n=211)Females (n=302)
BMI-for-age z-score mean±SD (range)0.25±1.52 (−3.95–4.6)0.41±1.60 (−3.95–4.16)0.13±1.45 (−3.64–3.95)
 Thinness35 (6.8)16 (7.6)19 (6.3)
 Normal311 (60.6)114 (54.0)197 (65.2)
 Overweight93 (18.1)40 (19.0)53 (17.5)
 Obesity74 (14.5)41 (19.4)33 (11.0)
WC (cm) mean±SD (range)69.83±10.57 (52.50–111.0)71.35±11.08 (52.6–111.0)68.77±10.08 (52.0–108.0)
 Normal441 (86.0)179 (84.8)262 (86.8)
 Abdominal obesity72 (14.0)32 (15.2)40 (13.2)
WHtR mean±SD (range)0.45±0.06 (0.32–0.71)0.45±0.07 (0.32–0.68)0.44±0.06 (0.32–0.71)
 Normal418 (81.5)163 (77.3)418 (81.5)
 Abdominal obesity95 (18.5)48 (22.7)95 (18.5)
ABSI mean±SD (range)0.1389±0.0074 (0.12–0.17)0.1402±0.0005 (0.13–0.17)0.1379±0.0004 (0.12–0.16)
Systolic BP mean±SD (range)113.4±14.4 (79.0–159.0)116.2±14.7 (82.0–159.0)111.4±13.9 (79.0–155.5)
Diastolic BP mean±SD (range)67.1±9.8 (63.8–35.0)65.5±9.6 (42.0–92.6)68.2±9.9 (35.0–98.8)
BP classification
 Normal
 (<90th percentile)
354 (69.0)147 (69.7)207 (68.5)
 Prehypertension
 (≥90th to <95th percentile)
98 (19.1)38 (18.0)60 (19.9)
 Hypertension stage 1
 (95th to 99th percentile)
43 (8.4)21 (10.0)22 (7.3)
 Hypertension stage 2
 (>99th percentile)
18 (3.5)5 (2.4)13 (4.3)
  • ABSI, a body shape index; BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; WC, waist circumference; WHtR, waist-to-height ratio.